a continent in the S part of the Western Hemisphere. About 6,900,000 sq. mi. (17,871,000 sq. km).
the fourth largest of the continents, bordering on the Caribbean in the north, the Pacific in the west, and the Atlantic in the east and joined to Central America by the Isthmus of Panama. It is dominated by the Andes Mountains, which extend over 7250 km (4500 miles) and include many volcanoes; ranges from dense tropical jungle, desert, and temperate plains to the cold wet windswept region of Tierra del Fuego. Pop (Latin America and the Caribbean): 558 281 000 (2005 est). Area: 17 816 600 sq km (6 879 000 sq miles)
South America definition
Continent in the Western Hemisphere, connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama.
Note: Exploration of the continent began in the sixteenth century with the Portugese claiming what is now Brazil and the Spanish claiming most of the remaining land. Settlement was accompanied by the defeat of many of the Native American cultures, including the Inca Empire.
Note: All of the Latin American nations in South America and Central America achieved their independence from Spain or Portugal in the first half of the nineteenth century.
- South american blastomycosis
South American blastomycosis n. See paracoccidioidomycosis.
noun 1. crapaud. noun 1. a species of large frog, Leptodactylus pentadactylus, resembling a bullfrog, inhabiting South and Central America, and having deep orange or red coloring on the legs and sides during the breeding season, the rest of the body being dark-green or brown with black markings. noun 1. (Caribbean) a frog or toad
noun, Geology. 1. a major tectonic division of the earth’s crust, comprising the continent of South America and several ocean basins and bounded on the north by the Caribbean Plate, on the east by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, on the west by a submarine trench that borders the western coast of the continent, and on the […]
- South american trypanosomiasis
noun 1. (pathol) another name for Chagas’ disease South American trypanosomiasis n. A form of trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by certain species of assassin bugs. In its acute form it causes swelling of the skin at the site of entry, with regional lymph node enlargement; in its chronic form it causes various […]