Stress



importance attached to a thing:
to lay stress upon good manners.
Synonyms: significance, meaning, emphasis, consequence; weight, value, worth.
Phonetics. emphasis in the form of prominent relative loudness of a syllable or a word as a result of special effort in utterance.
Prosody. accent or emphasis on syllables in a metrical pattern; beat.
emphasis in melody, rhythm, etc.; beat.
the physical pressure, pull, or other force exerted on one thing by another; strain.
Mechanics.

the action on a body of any system of balanced forces whereby strain or deformation results.
the amount of stress, usually measured in pounds per square inch or in pascals.
a load, force, or system of forces producing a strain.
the internal resistance or reaction of an elastic body to the external forces applied to it.
the ratio of force to area.

See also 1 (def 23 ,) (def 19 ,) (def 3).
Physiology. a specific response by the body to a stimulus, as fear or pain, that disturbs or interferes with the normal physiological equilibrium of an organism.
physical, mental, or emotional strain or tension:
Worry over his job and his wife’s health put him under a great stress.
Synonyms: anxiety, burden, pressure, oppression; effort, exertion, struggle, strain.
a situation, occurrence, or factor causing this:
The stress of being trapped in the elevator gave him a pounding headache.
Archaic. strong or straining exertion.
to lay stress on; emphasize.
Phonetics. to pronounce (a syllable or a word) with prominent loudness: Stress the first syllable of “runner.” Stress the second word in “put up with.”.
Compare (def 18).
to subject to stress or strain.
Mechanics. to subject to stress.
to experience stress or worry: Don’t stress about the turkey; I promise it will be delicious.
Dad is always stressing out over his job.
a feminine equivalent of :
seamstress; songstress.
Contemporary Examples

I definitely run myself through a lot of stress, too, but I somehow keep a youthful vibe.
Lenny Kravitz’s ‘Black & White’ Album Marlow Stern August 29, 2011

Due to the lack of fuel, elderly people are dying of cold, stress, malnutrition, and lack of medicine.
The Japanese Government’s Appalling Earthquake Response The Daily Beast March 16, 2011

But professional success was coupled with stress, anxiety, and personal tragedy.
Alexander McQueen’s Haunting World Robin Givhan April 10, 2011

But the stress is something to which no family in a medical crisis should ever be subjected.
Socialized Medicine Saved Me Geraldine Brooks March 5, 2010

Nor do these studies address the structural and systematic issues that contribute to obesity, such as poverty and stress.
Why Your New Year’s Diet Will Fail Carrie Arnold December 29, 2014

Historical Examples

The distinctions of stress in some languages are less marked than in others.
A History of English Versification Jakob Schipper

The girl’s answer was uttered with nervous eagerness which revealed her own stress of fear.
Within the Law Marvin Dana

I have let my letter lie from a stress of small interruptions.
Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation Frances Anne Kemble

We were right, it seems, in putting some stress on that “perjured” when we first met it.
The Man Shakespeare Frank Harris

It is not without significance that so great a stress was always laid upon her personal loveliness.
Medieval English Nunneries c. 1275 to 1535 Eileen Edna Power

noun
special emphasis or significance attached to something
mental, emotional, or physical strain or tension
emphasis placed upon a syllable by pronouncing it more loudly than those that surround it
such emphasis as part of a regular rhythmic beat in music or poetry
a syllable so emphasized
(physics)

force or a system of forces producing deformation or strain
the force acting per unit area

verb
(transitive) to give emphasis or prominence to
(transitive) to pronounce (a word or syllable) more loudly than those that surround it
(transitive) to subject to stress or strain
(informal) (intransitive) to become stressed or anxious
suffix
indicating a woman who performs or is engaged in a certain activity: songstress, seamstress Compare -ster (sense 1)
n.

c.1300, “hardship, adversity, force, pressure,” in part a shortening of Middle French destresse (see distress), in part from Old French estrece “narrowness, oppression,” from Vulgar Latin *strictia, from Latin strictus “compressed,” past participle of stringere “draw tight” (see strain (v.)). The purely psychological sense is attested from 1942.
v.

c.1300, “to subject (someone) to force or compulsion,” from the source of stress (n.). The figurative meaning “put emphasis on” is first recorded 1896, from notion of laying pressure on something by relying on it. Related: Stressed; stressing.

stress (strěs)
n.

An applied force or system of forces that tends to strain or deform a body.

The resisting force set up in a body as a result of an externally applied force.

A physical or psychological stimulus that can produce mental tension or physiological reactions that may lead to illness.

stress
(strěs)

The force per unit area applied to an object. Objects subject to stress tend to become distorted or deformed. Compare strain. See also axial stress, shear stress., See more at Hooke’s law.

A physiologic reaction by an organism to an uncomfortable or unfamiliar physical or psychological stimulus. Biological changes result from stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, including a heightened state of alertness, anxiety, increased heart rate, and sweating.

The stimulus or circumstance causing such a reaction.

In physics, the internal resistance of an object to an external force that tends to deform it.

A physical factor, such as injury, or mental state, such as anxiety, that disturbs the body’s normal state of functioning. Stress may contribute to the development of some illnesses, including heart disease and cancer.

Note: The term stress also refers to the physical and mental state produced in the body when it is influenced by such factors: “The stress of the new job was too much for Tim, so he requested reassignment to his old position in the company.”

STRuctual Engineering Systems Solver.
A system for structural analysis problems in Civil Engineering. STRESS was superseded by STRUDL.
[“STRESS: A User’s Manual”, S.J. Fenves et al, MIT Press 1964].
[Sammet 1969, p. 612].
(1995-01-31)

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