an ancient region in southern Mesopotamia that contained a number of independent cities and city-states of which the first were established possibly as early as 5000 b.c.: conquered by the Elamites and, about 2000 b.c., by the Babylonians; a number of its cities, as Ur, Uruk, Kish, and Lagash, are major archaeological sites in southern Iraq.
the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
solar ultraviolet measurements of emitted radiation


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    noun 1. the study of the history, language, and culture of the Sumerians.

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