Synthesis



noun, plural syntheses
[sin-thuh-seez] /ˈsɪn θəˌsiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity (opposed to analysis, ) the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements.
2.
a complex whole formed by combining.
3.
Chemistry. the forming or building of a more complex substance or compound from elements or simpler compounds.
4.
Philosophy. the third stage of argument in Hegelian dialectic, which reconciles the mutually contradictory first two propositions, thesis and antithesis.
5.
Biology. modern synthesis, a consolidation of the results of various lines of investigation from the 1920s through the 1950s that supported and reconciled the Darwinian theory of evolution and the Mendelian laws of inheritance in terms of natural selection acting on genetic variation.
6.
Psychology, Psychiatry. the integration of traits, attitudes, and impulses to create a total personality.
Hegelian dialectic
noun
1.
an interpretive method, originally used to relate specific entities or events to the absolute idea, in which some assertible proposition (thesis) is necessarily opposed by an equally assertible and apparently contradictory proposition (antithesis) the mutual contradiction being reconciled on a higher level of truth by a third proposition (synthesis)
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
the process of combining objects or ideas into a complex whole Compare analysis
2.
the combination or whole produced by such a process
3.
the process of producing a compound by a chemical reaction or series of reactions, usually from simpler or commonly available starting materials
4.
(linguistics) the use of inflections rather than word order and function words to express the syntactic relations in a language Compare analysis (sense 5)
5.
(philosophy, archaic) synthetic reasoning
6.
(philosophy)

(in the writings of Kant) the unification of one concept with another not contained in it Compare analysis (sense 7)
the final stage in the Hegelian dialectic, that resolves the contradiction between thesis and antithesis

Hegelian dialectic
/hɪˈɡeɪlɪan, heɪˈɡiː-/
noun
1.
(philosophy) an interpretive method in which the contradiction between a proposition (thesis) and its antithesis is resolved at a higher level of truth (synthesis)

synthesis syn·the·sis (sĭn’thĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. syn·the·ses (-sēz’)

The combining of separate elements or substances to form a coherent whole.

Formation of a chemical compound from simpler compounds or elements.

A period in the cell cycle.

synthesis
(sĭn’thĭ-sĭs)
Plural syntheses (sĭn’thĭ-sēz’)
The formation of a chemical compound through the combination of simpler compounds or elements.

synthesize verb

programming, specification
The process of deriving (efficient) programs from (clear) specifications.
See also program transformation.
(1996-08-23)

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    verb (used with object), synthesized, synthesizing. 1. to form (a material or abstract entity) by combining parts or elements (opposed to analyze): to synthesize a statement. 2. Chemistry. to combine (constituent elements) into a single or unified entity. 3. to treat synthetically. verb (used without object), synthesized, synthesizing. 4. to make or form a synthesis. […]

  • Synthesised

    verb (used with object), synthesized, synthesizing. 1. to form (a material or abstract entity) by combining parts or elements (opposed to analyze): to synthesize a statement. 2. Chemistry. to combine (constituent elements) into a single or unified entity. 3. to treat synthetically. verb (used without object), synthesized, synthesizing. 4. to make or form a synthesis. […]



  • Synthesises

    verb (used with object), synthesized, synthesizing. 1. to form (a material or abstract entity) by combining parts or elements (opposed to analyze): to synthesize a statement. 2. Chemistry. to combine (constituent elements) into a single or unified entity. 3. to treat synthetically. verb (used without object), synthesized, synthesizing. 4. to make or form a synthesis. […]

  • Synthesis-gas

    noun, Chemistry. 1. any of several gaseous mixtures consisting essentially of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, used in the synthesis of chemical compounds, as ammonia and alcohols. synthesis gas noun (chem) 1. a mixture of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and hydrogen formerly made by using water gas and reacting it with steam to enrich the proportion […]



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