Medical: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z
  • Teaspoon

    An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of liquid.

  • Eleventh cranial nerve

    Eleventh cranial nerve: The eleventh cranial nerve is the accessory nerve. The twelve cranial nerves, the accessory nerve included, emerge from or enter the skull (the cranium) as opposed to the spinal nerves which emerge from the vertebral column. The accessory is so-called because, although it arises in the brain, it receives an additional (accessory) […]

  • Arrhythmia

    Arrhythmia: An abnormal heart rhythm. In an arrhythmia the heartbeats may be too slow, too rapid, too irregular, or too early. Rapid arrhythmias (greater than 100 beats per minute) are called tachycardias. Slow arrhythmias (slower than 60 beats per minute) are called bradycardias. Irregular heart rhythms are called fibrillations (as in atrial fibrillation and ventricular […]

  • Syndrome, Shulman’s (Eosinophilic fasciitis)

    See eosinophilic fasciitis.

  • Shettles method

    Now You Can Choose.” With his method, Dr. Shettles claimed that couples could increase their odds of having either a boy or a girl by taking a few simple steps. To achieve a boy, for example, Dr. Shettles recommended abstaining until the day of ovulation and douching with baking soda. The scientific foundation of the […]

  • Retromingent

    “You have revealed yourself as a miserable, carping, retromingent vigilante, and I for one am sick of wasting my time communicating with you” (Benjamin C. Bradlee, Editor, The Washington Post). From the Latin retro- (back) + mingent from mingere (to urinate).

  • Squamous cells

    Flat cells that look like fish scales. The word “squamous” came from the Latin squama meaning “the scale of a fish or serpent.” We have a lot of squamous cells. They make up most of the cells in the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis), the passages of the respiratory and digestive tracts, and […]

  • Macrosomia

    An overly large body. A child with macrosomia has significant overgrowth, which can represent a hormone imbalance.

  • Antifungal medication

    Antifungal medication: A drug used to treat fungal infections. Examples of antifungal drugs include miconazole (MONISTAT) and clotrimazole (LOTRIMIN, MYCELEX).

  • Lymphocytic colitis

    A type of inflammatory disease of the large intestine (colon). The name derives from the microscopic observations of biopsies of the colon. What is seen in the microscope view of colon tissue is an increased number of inflammatory white blood cells (lymphocytes) among the lining cells of the colon. The elderly are most commonly affected […]