Bowel sounds: The gurgling, rumbling, or growling noises from the abdomen caused by the muscular contractions of peristalsis, the process that moves the contents of the stomach and intestines downward.
Bowel sounds are normal. Their absence can indicate intestinal paralysis (ileus). Bowel sounds may also be temporarily absent after abdominal surgery. Their increase may indicate bowel obstruction.
Bowel sounds are also called borborygmus (plural: borborygmi).
- Bowel disorders and fiber
Bowel disorders and fiber: High-fiber diets help delay the progression of and number of bouts with diverticulosis. In many cases, high-fiber diets help reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It is generally accepted that a diet high in fiber is protective or at least reduces the incidence of colon polyps and colon cancer.
- Bowen disease
Bowen disease: An early stage of skin cancer. Bowen’s disease is medically the same as “squamous cell carcinoma in situ.” Squamous cell carcinoma is a tumor that develops from the squamous cells which are flat, scale-like cells in the outer layer of the skin (the epithelium). The term “in situ” (borrowed from the Romans) means […]
- BMI calculation
BMI calculation: A person’s weight in kilograms (kg) divided by their height in meters (m) squared. BMI stands for body mass index. With pounds (lbs) and inches, use the following table to calculate the BMI. Find the appropriate height in the left-hand column. Move across the row to the given weight. The number at the […]
BP1: Beta protein 1, a protein encoded by a member of the homeobox gene family, a group of genes important to early development of the fetus. Specifically, BP1 belongs to the DLX homeobox family. BP1 acts as a transcription factor that turns other genes on and off and regulates the beta globin gene. BP1 is […]