Short for Open Shortest Path First, an interior gateway routing protocol developed for IP networks based on the shortest path first or link-state algorithm. Routers use link-state algorithms to send routing information to all nodes in an internetwork by calculating the shortest path to each node based on a topography of the Internet constructed by […]
- in-circuit emulator
Abbreviated as ICE, a computer chip that is used to emulate a microprocessor so that embedded system software can be tested by developers. The processor that the hardware device��s software is going to run on is replaced with an ICE that acts just as the processor would. ICEs enable developers to closely monitor the development […]
Short for Independent Computing Architecture, ICA is a protocol designed specifically for transmitting Windows graphical display data as well as keyboard and mouse input over a network. ICA is one of two technologies used by Citrix servers, the other being WinFrame. See Citrix server.
)The part of a cable that plugs into a port or interface to connect one device to another. Most connectors are either male (containing one or more exposed pins) or female (containing holes in which the male connector can be inserted).
- 3-D software
The category of software that represents 3-dimensional objects on a computer. This includes CAD/CAM, computer games, and animation packages.
- Macintosh Computer
A popular model of computer made by Apple Computer. Introduced in 1984, the Macintosh features a graphical user interface (GUI) that utilizes windows, icons, and a mouse to make it relatively easy for novices to use the computer productively. Rather than learning a complex set of commands, you need only point to a selection on […]
- Web host
A Web host is in the business of providing server space, Web services and file maintenance for Web sites controlled by individuals or companies that do not have their own Web servers. Many ISPs, such as America Online, will allow subscribers a small amount of server space to host a personal Web page. Other commercial […]
A low-level object or operation from which higher-level, more complex objects and operations can be constructed. In graphics, primitives are basic elements, such as lines, curves, and polygons, which you can combine to create more complex graphical images. In programming, primitives are the basic operations supported by the programming language. A programmer combines these primitives […]
Privately owned and controlled. In the computer industry, proprietary is the opposite of open. A proprietary design or technique is one that is owned by a company. It also implies that the company has not divulged specifications that would allow other companies to duplicate the product. Increasingly, proprietary architectures are seen as a disadvantage. Consumers […]
In 3D graphics, the digital representation of the surface of an object. In addition to two-dimensional qualities, such as color and brightness, a texture is also encoded with three-dimensional properties, such as how transparent and reflective the object is. Once a texture has been defined, it can be wrapped around any 3-dimensional object. This is […]