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a large two-handled storage jar having an oval body, usually tapering to a point at the base, with a pair of handles extending from immediately below the lip to the shoulder: used chiefly for oil, wine, etc., and, set on a foot, as a commemorative vase awarded the victors in contests such as the Panathenaic games.
Historical Examples

The amphorae which you hid in the mound are probably—I can’t say for certain, mind—priceless.
The Wouldbegoods E. Nesbit

Fruits and other edibles of all kinds were kept in amphorae.
Pompeii, Its Life and Art August Mau

The ware is generally rather rough, thick and brown for the amphorae, thin and red for smaller vessels.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1 Various

The amphorae were sometimes marked with the name of the wine, and the names of the consuls for the year in which they were filled.
The Private Life of the Romans Harold Whetstone Johnston

In one house the place of an iron tripod was taken by three pointed ends of amphorae set upright on the hearth.
Pompeii, Its Life and Art August Mau

On other amphorae the words for bean meal (lomentum), honey, and lentils appear, the last being designated by the Greek word.
Pompeii, Its Life and Art August Mau

Her vases and amphorae have been frequently exhibited and are praised by connoisseurs and critics.
Women in the fine arts, from the Seventh Century B.C. to the Twentieth Century A.D. Clara Erskine Clement

A great number of amphorae were found in it, as also in both peristyles.
Pompeii, Its Life and Art August Mau

noun (pl) -phorae (-fəˌriː), -phoras
an ancient Greek or Roman two-handled narrow-necked jar for oil, wine, etc

early 14c., “two-handled vessel for holding wine, oil, etc.,” from Latin amphora from Greek amphoreus “an amphora, jar, urn,” contraction of amphiphoreus, literally “two-handled,” from amphi- “on both sides” (see amphi-) + phoreus “bearer,” related to pherein “to bear” (see infer). Also a liquid measure in the ancient world, in Greece equal to 9 gallons, in Rome to 6 gallons, 7 pints.


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