the improvement or amendment of what is wrong, corrupt, unsatisfactory, etc.:
social reform; spelling reform.
an instance of this.
the amendment of conduct, belief, etc.
to change to a better state, form, etc.; improve by alteration, substitution, abolition, etc.
to cause (a person) to abandon wrong or evil ways of life or conduct.
to put an end to (abuses, disorders, etc.).
Chemistry. to subject to the process of , as in refining petroleum.
to abandon evil conduct or error:
The drunkard promised to reform.
(initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Reform Jews or Reform Judaism:
a Reform rabbi.
To crown all, he went to the ‘hustings’—a hardened anti-reform Billite.
The anti-reform party was believed to have gained the ascendant.
The Life of Florence Nightingale vol. 2 of 2 Edward Tyas Cook
Surely we have as much right to support and vote for an anti-reform candidate, as we had to sign a petition praying for reform.
The Curiosities of Dudley and the Black Country, From 1800 to 1860 C. F. G. Clark
There have been two nights of debate, and as yet all the speaking has been one way, all on the anti-reform side.
The Greville Memoirs (Third Part) Volume II (of II) Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville
(transitive) to improve (an existing institution, law, practice, etc) by alteration or correction of abuses
to give up or cause to give up a reprehensible habit or immoral way of life
(chem) to change the molecular structure of (a hydrocarbon) to make it suitable for use as petrol by heat, pressure, and the action of catalysts
an improvement or change for the better, esp as a result of correction of legal or political abuses or malpractices
a principle, campaign, or measure aimed at achieving such change
improvement of morals or behaviour, esp by giving up some vice
c.1300, “to convert into another and better form,” from Old French reformer “rebuild, reconstruct, recreate” (12c.), from Latin reformare “to form again, change, transform, alter,” from re- “again” (see re-) + formare “to form” (see form (n.)). Intransitive sense from 1580s.
Meaning “to bring (a person) away from an evil course of life” is recorded from early 15c.; of governments, institutions, etc., from early 15c. Related: Reformed; reforming. Reformed churches (1580s) usually are Calvinist as opposed to Lutheran. Reformed Judaism (1843) is a movement initiated in Germany by Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Reform school is attested from 1859.
“any proceeding which brings back a better order of things,” 1660s, from reform (v.) and in some uses from French réforme. As a branch of Judaism from 1843.
of, relating to, or of the nature of a republic. favoring a republic. fitting or appropriate for the citizen of a republic: a very republican notion. (initial capital letter) of or relating to the Republican Party. a person who favors a republican form of government. (initial capital letter) a member of the Republican Rarty. Contemporary […]
an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed. Sociology. a radical and pervasive change in society and the social structure, especially one made suddenly and often accompanied by violence. Compare . a sudden, complete or marked change in something: the present revolution in church […]
of, pertaining to, characterized by, or of the nature of a , or a sudden, complete, or marked change: a revolutionary junta. radically new or innovative; outside or beyond established procedure, principles, etc.: a revolutionary discovery. (initial capital letter) of or relating to the American Revolution or to the period contemporaneous with it in U.S. […]
- Anti-riot shield
noun See riot shield