[hong kong] /ˈhɒŋ ˈkɒŋ/
a British crown colony comprising Hong Kong island (29 sq. mi.; 75 sq. km), Kowloon peninsula, nearby islands, and the adjacent mainland in SE China (New Territories) reverted to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. 404 sq. mi. (1046 sq. km).
a Special Administrative Region of China, in the south of the country, with some autonomy; formerly a British Crown Colony: consists of Hong Kong Island, leased by China to Britain from 1842 until 1997, Kowloon Peninsula, Stonecutters Island, the New Territories (mainland), leased by China in 1898 for a 99-year period, and over 230 small islands; important entrepôt trade and manufacturing centre, esp for textiles and other consumer goods; university (1912). It retains its own currency, the Hong Kong dollar. Administrative centre: Victoria. Pop: 7 182 724 (2013 est). Area: 1046 sq km (404 sq miles)
an island in Hong Kong region, south of Kowloon Peninsula: contains the capital, Victoria. Pop: 1 337 800 (2001). Area: 75 sq km (29 sq miles)
from Cantonese pronunciation of Chinese Xianggang, literally “fragrant port.” Perhaps so called from the scent of incense factories or opium cargoes, or from the semi-fresh waters of the bay. The word hong was the general English term for foreign trading establishments in China.
Now a special administrative region of China; formerly a British colony, located on the south coast of China on the South China Sea, part of the Pacific Ocean.
Note: China ceded the island of Hong Kong to Britain in the nineteenth century. Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule in 1997, when Britain’s lease expired.
Note: One of the world’s leading commercial centers, Hong Kong is home to many international corporate offices and a world-famous tailoring industry. China has given assurances that it will maintain Hong Kong’s capitalistic (see capitalism) and democratic (see democracy) institutions.
- Hong kongese
/ˈkɒŋiːz/ adjective 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of Hong Kong, its people, or their languages noun 2. (pl) -ese. a native or inhabitant of Hong Kong or a descendant of one
- Hong kong influenza
Hong Kong influenza (hŏng’ kŏng’) n. Influenza caused by a serotype of influenza virus type A; it was first identified in Hong Kong during the 1968 epidemic. Also called Hong Kong flu.
[hoo ng-shwee huh] /ˈhʊŋˈʃwi ˈhʌ/ noun 1. a river in SW China, flowing SE to the Xiang Jiang. 900 miles (1448 km) long.
[hawng-woo] /ˈhɔŋˈwu/ noun, Pinyin. 1. (Zhu Yuanzhang) .