African tick typhus: One of the tick-borne rickettsial diseases of the eastern hemisphere, similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but less severe, with fever, a small ulcer (tache noire) at the site of the tick bite, swollen glands nearby (satellite lymphadenopathy), and a red raised (maculopapular) rash. Also called fievre boutonneuse.
Afterbirth: The placenta and fetal membranes that are expelled from the uterus following the baby’s birth. Hence, the “afterbirth.” The placenta is what joins the mother and fetus. It also permits the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus besides the release of carbon dioxide and waste products from the fetus to the mother. […]
Agammaglobulinemia: Total or near-total absence of infection-fighting antibodies belonging to the class called gamma globulins. Agammaglobulinemia can be due to certain genetic diseases or caused by acquired diseases, including AIDS.
- Age by decade
Age by decade: A term designating someone’s age by decade. For example, a septuagenarian refers to someone in his or her seventies (age 70 to 79). The prefix in such terms is always from the Latin. For example, the Latin septuageni = seventy. Denarian: Someone age 10 to 19. Vicenarian: Someone in his or her […]
- Age-related macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration: An eye disease with its onset usually after age 60 that can progressively destroy the macula, the central portion of the retina, impairing central vision. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD) rarely causes blindness because only the center of vision is affected. However, injury to the macula in the center of the […]
Agenesis: Lack of development. For example, agenesis of a toe means the toe failed to form.