Artic health: Health in the vast geographic region widely surrounding the North Pole, an area that encompasses all or portions of Alaska, Canada, Greenland/Denmark/Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The populations of these countries, including their indigenous inhabitants such as the Aleut, Inuit, and Saami, have to cope with extreme climatic conditions and are subject to a unique set of health and environmental challenges. The word “artic” is derived from “arktos,” the Greek word for bear.
Threats from environmental contaminants, particularly persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals, and their potential bioaccumulation in the food supply, play an important role in the dietary health of countries where hunting and fishing are widespread. Cancer, liver disease, and alcoholism are among the prevalent chronic conditions affecting many inhabitants of the Arctic. Emerging infectious diseases are an ever present danger, and the thinning of the ozone layer over the Northern Hemisphere puts people’s skin and eyes at increased risk.
Health matters of special concern in artic health include the following (in alphabetical order): AIDS/HIV. alcohol and other drugs, cancer, depression, diabetes, domestic violence, environmental health, exercise, eyes & vision, FAS (the fetal alcohol syndrome), food safety, hepatitis and other liver diseases, herbal medicine, hypertension (high blood pressure>, immunizations, nutrition, oral health, otitis media (middle ear infection), smoking & tobacco, suicide, and tuberculosis.
Articulation:1. In speech, the production and use of speech sounds. 2. In dentistry, the contact of the occlusal surfaces of the teeth.3. In anatomy, a joint (an area where two bones are attached for the purpose of motion of body parts). An articulation, or joint, is usually formed of fibrous connective tissue and cartilage. Joints […]
- Articulation disorder
Articulation disorder: A speech disorder involving difficulties in articulating specific types of sounds. Articulation disorders often involve substitution of one sound for another, slurring of speech, or indistinct speech. Treatment is speech therapy.
- Articulations of the body, principal
Articulations of the body, principal: The principal articulations (joints) of the human body. They include the following: Acromioclavicular Ankle (tibia-fibula and talus) Atlas and axis Atlas and occipital Calcaneocuboid Carpometacarpal Elbow (humerus, radius, and ulna) Femur and tibia Hip bone and femur Humerus and ulna Intercarpal: Carpal, proximal Carpal, distal Carpal bones (two rows with […]
- Artificial abortion
Artificial abortion: An abortion that is brought about intentionally. Also called an induced or therapeutic abortion. As opposed to a spontaneous abortion (a miscarriage).
- Artificial heart
Artificial heart: A human-made heart. An artificial heart is a mechanical pump that is used to replace a damaged heart temporarily or permanently.