Children of the night: Term applied sometimes to children with xeroderma pigmentosum, a genetic disease with such extraordinary sensitivity to sunlight that ordinary sun exposure results in the development of skin cancer at a very early age. Children with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) can only play outdoors safely after nightfall.
- Children's immunizations
Vaccinations given to children. In the US, it is currently recommended that all children receive vaccination against the following unless the child has special circumstances, such as a compromised immune system or a neurological disorder: Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough), as separate vaccinations or in combination as DPT Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) Hepatitis […]
Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure to a cold environment or may accompany a fever.
Chimera: In medicine, a person composed of two genetically distinct types of cells. Human chimeras were first discovered with the advent of blood typing when it was found that some people had more than one blood type. Most of them proved to be “blood chimeras” — non-identical twins who shared a blood supply in the […]
Chimeraplasty: A method of gene therapy based upon the use of a molecule called a chimeraplast, a synthetic blend of DNA and the related molecule RNA, to trick the patient’s own cells to remedy a gene defect. Chimeraplasts are made to match the patient’s sequence of base pairs (the molecular building blocks of DNA), except […]
Chin: Medically, the mentum. The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including the prominence of the lower jaw and the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the jawbone (mandible). This line of fusion (called the symphysis menti) encloses a triangular area at tip of the chin (termed the mental […]