Disease: Illness or sickness characterized by specific signs and symptoms.
- Disease nomenclature
Disease nomenclature: A system of classifying and naming diseases. The contemporary categories and codes for diseases are outlined in the World Health Organization’s “International Classification of Diseases.” Within some medical fields, there are standard nomenclatures. For example, DSM-IV, the 4th edition of “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” is a comprehensive classification of officially […]
- Disease surveillance
Disease surveillance: The ongoing systematic collection and analysis of data and the provision of information which leads to action being taken to prevent and control a disease, usually one of an infectious nature.
- Disease, acute respiratory
Disease, acute respiratory: A sudden condition in which breathing is difficult and the oxygen levels in the blood abruptly drop lower than normal.
- Disease, Addison
Disease, Addison: Long-term underfunction of the outer portion of the adrenal gland. In medical terms, chronic insufficiency of the adrenal cortex. This may be due to a number of different insults to the adrenal including physical trauma, hemorrhage, and tuberculosis of the adrenal, and destruction of the cells in the pituitary gland that secrete ACTH […]
- Disease, adult celiac
Disease, adult celiac: This condition results from an immune (allergic) reaction to gluten, a protein found in wheat and related grains and present in many foods that we eat. Known under a number of other names, including celiac sprue. Sprue causes impaired absorption and digestion of nutrients through the small intestine. Symptoms include frequent diarrhea […]