Duodenal ulcer: A crater (ulcer) in the lining of the beginning of the small intestine (duodenum). Ulcer formation is caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori. Other factors predisposing a person to ulcers include anti-inflammatory medications and cigarette smoking. Ulcer pain may not correlate with the presence or severity of ulceration. Diagnosis is made with barium X-ray or endoscopy. Complications of ulcers include bleeding, perforation, and blockage. Treatment involves using antibiotics to eradicate H. pylori, eliminating risk factors, and preventing complications.
Duodenitis: Inflammation of the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.
Duodenum: The first part of the small intestine. The duodenum is a common site for peptic ulcer formation.
Duplication: Part of a chromosome in duplicate, a particular kind of mutation (change) involving the production of one or more copies of any piece of DNA, including a gene or even an entire chromosome. Duplications typically arise from an event termed unequal crossing-over (a kind of recombination) that occurs between misaligned homologous chromosomes during meiosis […]
- Dupuytren contracture
A localized formation of scar tissue in the palm of the hand within a tissue (fascia) beneath the skin of the palm that normally covers the tendons that pull the fingers into a grip. As Dupuytren’s contracture progresses, more of the fascia becomes thickened and shortened. Dimpling and puckering of the skin over the area […]
Dura: The outermost, toughest, and most fibrous of the three membranes (meninges) covering the brain and the spinal cord. Dura is short for dura mater (from the Latin for hard mother). Also called the pachymeninx (singular) or pachymeniges (plural). Epidural means outside the dura. An accumulation of blood outside the dura is an epidural hematoma. […]