The international organization of scientists involved in the Human Genome Project, the global initiative to map and sequence the human genome.
The Human Genome Organisation (HUGO) was established in 1989 by a group of the world’s leading genome scientists to promote international collaboration within the project. HUGO carries out a complex coordinating role within the Human Genome Project. HUGO activities range from support of data collation for constructing genetic and physical maps of the human genome to the organization of workshops to promote the consideration of a wide range of ethical, legal, social and intellectual property issues. HUGO fosters the exchange of data and biomaterials, encourages the spreading and sharing of technologies, provides information and advice on aspects of human genome programs and serves as a coordinating agency for building relationships between various governmental funding agencies and the genome community. HUGO provides an interface between the Human Genome Project and the many groups and organizations interested or involved in the human genome initiative.
HUGO currently has over 1000 members representing over 50 countries. HUGO maintains three regional offices, HUGO Americas, HUGO Europe and HUGO Pacific, which carry out the administrative duties of the organization.
- Human Genome Project
Begun formally in 1990, the US Human Genome Project was an international effort coordinated by the US. Its goals included the identification and sequencing (ordering) of all the bases in the human genome. US participation in this monumental undertaking was supported by funds from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Energy […]
- Human Genome Research Institute, National
One of the newest of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), NHGRI’s mission in formal terms is to “support the NIH component of the Human Genome Project, a worldwide research effort designed to analyze the structure of human DNA and determine the location of the a estimated 100,000 human genes. The NHGRI Intramural Research Program […]
- Human herpesvirus 1 (HHV-1)
In rare cases, as when the immune system is severely compromised, this virus can cause infection of the brain (encephalitis). HHV-1 is also known as herpes simplex type .
- Human herpesvirus 2 (HHV-2)
A herpes virus that causes genital herpes, characterized by sores in the area of the genitalia. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This virus, like human herpesvirus 1, can cause infection of the brain (encephalitis) if the immune system is severely defective or compromised. The treatment of infection with human herpesvirus 2 is […]
- Human herpesvirus 6
A and B. A is rare and is acquired in adulthood. B is relatively common, is usually acquired in childhood, and is associated with roseola. Both HHV-6 A and B can reactivate at a later date and are believed to contribute to diseases of the bone marrow and/or central nervous system in some patients, including […]