1. Broadly, any physical item used in medical treatment, from a cardiac pacemaker to a wheelchair.
2.In insurance terms, usually synonymous an assistive device, although it may include items more frequently thought of as medical supplies, such as dressings needed for wound care at home or syringes for self-administration of insulin.
- Medical directives, advance
(1) a living will, in which the person outlines specific treatment guidelines that are to be followed by health care providers; (2) a health care proxy (also called a power of attorney for health-care decision-making) in which the person designates a trusted individual to make medical decisions in the event that he or she becomes […]
- Medical entomology
The branch of science that deals with insects that cause disease or that serve as vectors of organisms that cause disease in humans. In medical entomology, for example, research may pertain to the interactions of the arboviruses and their hosts and involve physiology, genetics, biology, and ecology.
- Medical etymology
The origin of medical words and terms. Etymology is an account of the origins and the developments in the meaning of a word or term. Medical etymology brings us into contact with the “history of medicine, of human ideas, and of the human struggle to understand the forces of nature that determine human destiny and […]
- Medical geography
An important “new” area of health research that is a hybrid between geography and medicine dealing with the geographic aspects of health and healthcare. Medical geography studies the effects of locale and climate upon health. It aims to improve the understanding of the various factors which affect the health of populations and hence individuals. It […]
- Medical helminthology
The field of medicine that pertains to helminths (worms) capable of disease in people. For more about these worms, see “Helminth.” The public health impact of medical helminths is appreciable. Two billion people are infected by soil-transmitted helminths such as Ascaris, hookworms, and Trichuris trichiura and by schistosomes. Early childhood infections by soil-transmitted helminths delays […]