(1755-1824) English physician and paleontologist who gave a classic account in 1817 of a chronic, slowly progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by a combination of tremor, rigidity, and stooped posture. Parkinson called it the shaking palsy. It is now known as Parkinson’s disease. In 1812 Parkinson wrote the first article ever published on appendicitis and he was the first person to recognize perforation of the appendix as a cause of death.
1. Parkinson disease. 2. A syndrome similar to Parkinson disease, for example, as a side effect of an antipsychotic drug.
Inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail due to infection or inflammation. The infection may be bacterial (most commonly, staph or strep) or fungal pathogens. The term “paronychia” is compounded from “para-“, next to + the Greek “onyx”, nail = next to the nail. Paronychia is synonymous with perionychia.
- Parotid gland
The largest of the three major salivary glands, it is located in front and below the ear and behind the jaw bone. The other two glands are the submandibular (submaxillary) and sublingual.
Salivary glands situated in front of the ears.
Inflammation of the parotid glands, a classic feature of mumps.