Sinemet). A surgical procedure known as deep brain stimulation, in which externally controlled electrodes are implanted into the brain, has also been shown to be helpful. There are no blood or laboratory tests to diagnose the condition. Although it is a chronic and progressive disease, the degree of disability varies among affected persons. Also known as paralysis agitans and shaking palsy.
- Parkinson, James
(1755-1824) English physician and paleontologist who gave a classic account in 1817 of a chronic, slowly progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by a combination of tremor, rigidity, and stooped posture. Parkinson called it the shaking palsy. It is now known as Parkinson’s disease. In 1812 Parkinson wrote the first article ever published on […]
1. Parkinson disease. 2. A syndrome similar to Parkinson disease, for example, as a side effect of an antipsychotic drug.
Inflammation of the folds of tissue surrounding the nail due to infection or inflammation. The infection may be bacterial (most commonly, staph or strep) or fungal pathogens. The term “paronychia” is compounded from “para-“, next to + the Greek “onyx”, nail = next to the nail. Paronychia is synonymous with perionychia.
- Parotid gland
The largest of the three major salivary glands, it is located in front and below the ear and behind the jaw bone. The other two glands are the submandibular (submaxillary) and sublingual.
Salivary glands situated in front of the ears.