Always keep meat, poultry, fish, and eggs refrigerated at or below 40 �F and frozen food at or below 0 �F. This may be difficult when the power is out. Keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed as much as possible to maintain the cold temperature. The refrigerator will keep food safely cold for about 4 hours if it is unopened. A full freezer will hold the temperature for approximately 48 hours (24 hours if it is half full) if the door remains closed. Obtain dry or block ice to keep your refrigerator as cold as possible if the power is going to be out for a prolonged period of time. Fifty pounds of dry ice should hold an 18-cubic foot full freezer for 2 days. Plan ahead and know where dry ice and block ice can be purchased.
Be prepared for an emergency by having items on hand that don’t require refrigeration and can be eaten cold or heated on the outdoor grill. Shelf-stable food, boxed or canned milk, water, and canned goods should be part of a planned emergency food supply. Make sure you have ready-to-use baby formula for infants and pet food. Remember to use these items and replace them from time to time. Be sure to keep a hand-held can opener for an emergency.
Consider what you can do ahead of time to store your food safely in an emergency. If you live in a location that could be affected by a flood, plan your food storage on shelves that will be safely out of the way of contaminated water. Coolers are a great help for keeping food cold if the power will be out for more than 4 hours-have a couple on hand along with frozen gel packs. When your freezer is not full, keep items close together-this helps the food stay cold longer.
Digital, dial, or instant-read food thermometers and appliance thermometers will help you know if the food is at safe temperatures. Keep appliance thermometers in the refrigerator and freezer at all times. When the power is out, an appliance thermometer will always indicate the temperature in the refrigerator and freezer no matter how long the power has been out. The refrigerator temperature should be 40 �F or below; the freezer, 0 �F or lower. If you’re not sure a particular food is cold enough, take its temperature with a food thermometer.
- Power outage work safety
Spread the work load evenly over the day and incorporate work-rest cycles. Provide enough water to keep people hydrated. Postpone work tasks that are not essential. If a cooler area is available, use it for rest breaks. Schedule the most stressful tasks during the cooler parts of the day. Avoid double shifts and overtime if […]
Abbreviation for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor.
1. Postpartum depression. 2. Purified protein derivative (the PPD skin test for tuberculosis).
- PPMA (post-polio muscular atrophy)
Late muscle wasting that occurs as part of the post-polio syndrome (PPS), a constellation of symptoms and signs that appear belatedly, from 20 to 40 years, after the initial polio infection and at least 10 years after what was once thought to be the “recovery” from polio. PPS is no small problem. It is estimated […]
- PPS (post-polio syndrome)
A constellation of symptoms and signs that appear from 20 to 40 years after the initial polio infection, and at least 10 years after what was thought to be recovery from polio It is estimated that 1.63 million Americans were struck by polio in the epidemics of the 1940’s, 50’s, and early 60’s, and that […]