Failure of the tubules in the kidney to reabsorb small molecules, causing increased urinary loss of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, bicarbonate), minerals, glucose, amino acids, and water. These losses results in polyuria (excessive urination), polydipsia (excessive intake of fluid), dehydration (from the excess urination) hypophosphatemic rickets (due to loss of phosphate in the urine), and growth retardation (due to the renal disease). Treatment is by replacing the renal losses and supplementing with citrate to alkalinize the blood. Phosphate replacement prevents and heals the rickets. Vitamin D helps the intestinal absorption of phosphate.
The syndrome is named for the Swiss pediatrician, Guido Fanconi, who also first reported Fanconi anemia.
- Renal osteodystrophy
A bone disorder that adversely affects bone growth and is caused by chronic kidney failure (renal disease). Osteo?dystrophy can require treatment with vitamin D. Also known as kidney osteodystrophy.
- Renal pelvis
The area at the center of the kidney. Urine collects in the renal pelvis and is funneled into the ureter.
- Renal stone
calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.
- Renal vein thrombosis
A blood clot in the major vein that drains blood from the kidney.
1) Roentgen equivalent physical, a unit of absorbed radiation approximately equivalent to one roentgen. 2) An abbreviation for repetition when referring to an exercise maneuver. 3) An abbreviation for representative of sales for a pharmaceutical or health products company.