Skin used to cover an area where the patient’s skin has been lost due to a burn, an injury, or surgery. The most effective skin grafts involve moving the patient’s own skin from one part of the body to another. The second most effective type are skin grafts between identical twins. Beyond these two procedures, there is a strong chance that the body will reject the new skin, although the graft may protect the body and give the body time to grow new skin of its own.
- Skin graft, allogeneic
A skin graft transplanted between people who are not genetically identical. Also called an allograft. An allogeneic skin graft can also be between two mice, between two rabbits, or between any individuals belonging to any single species, as long as they are not genetically identical.
- Skin graft, autogenic
A graft using the patient’s own skin. Also known as an autologous graft.
- Skin graft, composite
A graft technique in which both the patient’s own skin and donor skin are used together.
- Skin graft, mesh
A graft technique in which multiple pieces of skin are carefully arranged to cover an area. This technique is used most frequently when a large area needs to be protected, as after a severe burn over a large area.
- Skin graft, full-thickness
A graft technique in which sheets of skin containing both the epidermis and the dermis are used. For example, a full-thickness skin graft might be used to repair a severe burn wound.