A disorder of a joint that features a change of the normal synovial lining’s cellular structure to form bone-cartilage tissue. Synovial osteochondromatosis is uncommon and typically seen in young to middle-aged adults. Synovial osteochondromatosis leads to pain in the affected joint as well as limitation of the range of motion and often locking. The cause of synovial osteochondromatosis is unknown. Synovial osteochondromatosis generally affects only a single joint. The most common joints involved are the knee, hip, or elbow. Synovial osteochondromatosis can be diagnosed with an imaging test of the joint, such as an X-ray, a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan, or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis typically involves surgical removal of the synovial lining.
- Synovial sarcoma
A malignant tumor of soft tissue that arises near, but not in, a joint. Synovial sarcomas most often occur in adolescents or young adults, are typically slow-growing, and may escape notice until they become painful. They occur mainly in the arms and legs, near large joints, especially the knees. Although the tumor is called synovial […]
Inflammation of the synovial membrane, the lining of the joints.
Putting together different entities to make a whole which is new and different. In biochemistry, synthesis refers specifically to the process of building compounds from more elementary substances by means of one or more chemical reactions. For example, the adipocyte is a cell that is specialized in the synthesis and storage of fat.
a landmark in the history of infectious disease.
- Syphilis test (FTA-ABS)
The fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed (FTA-ABS) test for syphilis is a blood serum screening test designed to demonstrate the presence or absence of specific antibodies directed against the organism (Treponema pallidum) responsible for syphilis. The test detects the majority but not all cases of the disease. It is thus a way of screening for the […]