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Fever: Read About Symptoms and Treatment

What caused your fever? • Submit » Although, if the fever is accompanied by any other troubling symptoms, you may need to see your doctor to be certain. As fevers range to 104 F and above, however, there can be unwanted consequences, particularly for children. These can include delirium and convulsions. Learn when to call […]

Founder effect

Founder effect: The positive effect on gene frequency when a population (colony) has only a small number of original settlers, one or more of whom had that gene. For example, the gene for Huntington’s disease was introduced into the Lake Maracaibo region in Venezuela early in the nineteenth century. This is now the largest known […]

Fournier’s gangrene

Fournier’s gangrene: A horrendous infection of the genitalia that causes severe pain in the genital area (in the penis and scrotum or perineum) and progresses from erythema (redness) to necrosis (death) of tissue. Gangrene can occur within hours. The mortality (death) rates are up to 50%. In this major medical emergency, a bacterial infection spreads […]

Fourth cranial nerve

Fourth cranial nerve: The fourth cranial nerve, the trochlear nerve, is the nerve supply to the superior oblique muscle of the eye, one of the muscles that moves the eye. Paralysis of the trochlear nerve results in rotation of the eyeball upward and outward (and, therefore, double vision). The twelve cranial nerves, the trochlear nerve […]

Fusospirochetal gingivitis

Fusospirochetal gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be involved, but the full story behind this long- known disease […]

Fusospirillosis

Fusospirillosis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be involved, but the full story behind this long- known disease is […]

Fusospirillary gingivitis

Fusospirillary gingivitis: This is trench mouth, a progressive painful infection with ulceration, swelling and sloughing off of dead tissue from the mouth and throat due to the spread of infection from the gums. Certain germs (including fusiform bacteria and spirochetes) have been thought to be involved, but the full story behind this long- known disease […]

Fusion inhibitor

Fusion inhibitor: A class of antiretroviral drugs that work on the outside of the host CD4 cell to prevent HIV from fusing with and infecting it. Fusion inhibitors act by binding to an envelope protein and blocking the structural changes necessary for the virus to fuse with the host CD4 cell. If HIV cannot penetrate […]

Fusiform aneurysm

Fusiform aneurysm: An outpouching or widening of an artery or a vein that is shaped like a spindle.

Fusiform

Fusiform: Formed like a spindle: wider in the middle and tapering toward the ends. For example, a fusiform aneurysm is a vascular outpouching that is shaped like a spindle.