Also known as emotional child abuse, this is the third most frequently reported form of child abuse (after child neglect and physical child abuse), accounting 17% of all cases of child abuse.
It is likely that emotional child abuse is greatly underreported, since it can be difficult to detect and difficult to document.
Emotional child abuse includes acts of commission or omission by the parents and other caregivers that could cause the child to have serious behavioral, emotional, or mental disorders. In some instances of emotional child abuse, the acts of parents or other caregivers alone, without any harm yet evident in the child’s behavior or condition, are sufficient to warrant the intervention of child protective services. For example, the parents or caregivers may use extreme or bizarre forms of punishment, such as confinement of a child in a dark closet.
Emotional child abuse is also sometimes termed psychological child abuse or mental injury of a child.
A white, cheesy substance that covers and protects the skin of a fetus. Vernix is still all over the skin of a baby at birth. Vernix is composed of sebum (skin oil) and cells that have sloughed off the skin of the fetus. More formally known as vernix caseosa.
- Vernix caseosa
A white cheesy substance that covers and protects the skin of the fetus and is still all over the skin of a baby at birth. Vernix caseosa is composed of sebum (the oil of the skin) and cells that have sloughed off the fetus’ skin. “Vernix” is the Latin word for “varnish.” The vernix varnishes […]
A wart by another name, a local growth of the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis) caused by a virus. The virus of warts (a human papillomavirus) is transmitted by contact. The contact can be with a wart on someone else or one on oneself (autoinoculation). Warts that occur on the hands or feet […]
1. In obstetrics, the process of turning the fetus. A cephalic version brings the fetal head into the birth canal. 2. In gynecology, the tilting of the uterus. Uterine retroversion indicates the uterus is tilted backwards. 3. In ophthalmology, the conjugate rotation (turning) of both eyes in the same direction. The special uses of the […]
A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans. There are 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral (fused into one sacrum bone) and 4 coccygeal (fused into one coccyx bone).