Absoluteness



free from imperfection; complete; perfect:
absolute liberty.
not mixed or adulterated; pure:
absolute alcohol.
complete; outright:
an absolute lie; an absolute denial.
free from restriction or limitation; not limited in any way:
absolute command; absolute freedom.
unrestrained or unlimited by a constitution, counterbalancing group, etc., in the exercise of governmental power, especially when arbitrary or despotic:
an absolute monarch.
viewed independently; not comparative or relative; ultimate; intrinsic:
absolute knowledge.
positive; certain:
absolute in opinion; absolute evidence.
Grammar.

relatively independent syntactically. The construction It being Sunday in It being Sunday, the family went to church is an absolute construction.
(of a usually transitive verb) used without an object, as the verb give in The charity asked him to give.
(of an adjective) having its noun understood, not expressed, as poor in The poor are always with us.
characterizing the phonological form of a word or phrase occurring by itself, not influenced by surrounding forms, as not in is not (as opposed to isn’t), or will in they will (as opposed to they’ll).
Compare .

Physics.

independent of arbitrary standards or of particular properties of substances or systems:
absolute humidity.
pertaining to a system of units, as the centimeter-gram-second system, based on some primary units, especially units of length, mass, and time.
pertaining to a measurement based on an or unit:
absolute temperature.

Education. noting or pertaining to the scale of a grading system based on an individual’s performance considered as representing his or her knowledge of a given subject regardless of the performance of others in a group:
The math department marks on an absolute scale.
Compare (def 10).
Climatology. noting or pertaining to the highest or lowest value of a meteorological quantity recorded during a given, usually long, period of time:
absolute maximum temperature.
Mathematics. (of an inequality) indicating that the expression is true for all values of the variable, as x 2 + 1 > 0 for all real numbers x; unconditional.
Compare (def 4).
Computers. machine-specific and requiring no translation (opposed to ):
absolute coding; absolute address.
something that is not dependent upon external conditions for existence or for its specific nature, size, etc. (opposed to ).
the absolute.

something that is free from any restriction or condition.
something that is independent of some or all relations.
something that is perfect or complete.
(in Hegelianism) the world process operating in accordance with the absolute idea.

Historical Examples

On the other hand, he is warned not to aim at absoluteness, which of all people the Scots will least endure.
Montrose Mowbray Morris

Like other great thinkers, he was absorbed with one idea, and that idea was the absoluteness of perception.
Theaetetus Plato

It endangered the absoluteness of her self-belief and self-worship.
The History of Sir Richard Calmady Lucas Malet

Nor can other be identified with being; for then other, which is relative, would have the absoluteness of being.
Sophist Plato

In 1768 they seem to Kant to prove its absoluteness, only because the other alternative has not yet occurred to him.
A Commentary to Kant’s ‘Critique of Pure Reason’ Norman Kemp Smith

Another fallacy is produced which turns on the absoluteness of the verb ‘to know.’
Euthydemus Plato

As for the absoluteness of the “order,” I am willing to take it as, practically, sufficiently absolute.
The Letters of Henry James (volume I) Henry James

And there is no absoluteness about beauty, nor our admiration for it.
A Girl of the Klondike Victoria Cross

In the first place, the demand for totality or absoluteness is not in the Dissertation ascribed to a separate faculty.
A Commentary to Kant’s ‘Critique of Pure Reason’ Norman Kemp Smith

But for the heart in which self merges in God’s love, they lose their absoluteness.
Creative Unity Rabindranath Tagore

adjective
complete; perfect
free from limitations, restrictions, or exceptions; unqualified: an absolute choice
having unlimited authority; despotic: an absolute ruler
undoubted; certain: the absolute truth
not dependent on, conditioned by, or relative to anything else; independent: an absolute term in logic, the absolute value of a quantity in physics
pure; unmixed: absolute alcohol
(of a grammatical construction) syntactically independent of the main clause, as for example the construction Joking apart in the sentence Joking apart, we’d better leave now
(grammar) (of a transitive verb) used without a direct object, as the verb intimidate in the sentence His intentions are good, but his rough manner tends to intimidate
(grammar) (of an adjective) used as a noun, as for instance young and aged in the sentence The young care little for the aged
(physics)

(postpositive) (of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressure: the pressure was 5 bar absolute Compare gauge (sense 18)
denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature

(maths)

(of a constant) never changing in value
Also numerical. (of an inequality) unconditional
(of a term) not containing a variable

(law) (of a court order or decree) coming into effect immediately and not liable to be modified; final See decree absolute
(law) (of a title to property, etc) not subject to any encumbrance or condition
noun
something that is absolute
noun (sometimes not capital)
(philosophy)

the ultimate basis of reality
that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete

(in the philosophy of Hegel) that towards which all things evolve dialectically
adj.

late 14c., “unrestricted; complete, perfect;” also “not relative to something else” (mid-15c.), from Middle French absolut (14c., Old French asolu, Modern French absolu), from Latin absolutus, past participle of absolvere “to set free, make separate” (see absolve).

Most of the current senses also were in the Latin word. Sense evolution was “detached, disengaged,” thus “perfect, pure.” Meaning “despotic” (1610s) is from notion of “absolute in position.” Absolute monarchy is recorded from 1735 (absolute king is recorded from 1610s); scientific absolute magnitude (1902), absolute value (1907) are from early 20c. In metaphysics, the absolute “that which is absolute” is from 1809.

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  • Absolutes

    free from imperfection; complete; perfect: absolute liberty. not mixed or adulterated; pure: absolute alcohol. complete; outright: an absolute lie; an absolute denial. free from restriction or limitation; not limited in any way: absolute command; absolute freedom. unrestrained or unlimited by a constitution, counterbalancing group, etc., in the exercise of governmental power, especially when arbitrary or […]

  • Absolution

    act of absolving; a freeing from blame or guilt; release from consequences, obligations, or penalties. state of being absolved. Roman Catholic Theology. a remission of sin or of the punishment for sin, made by a priest in the sacrament of penance on the ground of authority received from Christ. the formula declaring such remission. Protestant […]



  • Absolutize

    to render ; consider or declare perfect, complete, or unchangeable: Overzealous followers absolutized his theories.

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    the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government. any theory holding that values, principles, etc., are and not relative, dependent, or changeable. Contemporary Examples In this new climate anything less than anti-abortion absolutism is unacceptable. GOP Grassroots Furious at Romney Over Akin, Abortion Rape Exception Michelle Goldberg August 22, 2012 The […]



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