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  • HTLV

    Human T-lymphotropic virus.

  • Breast, amastia

    Breast, amastia: A rare condition wherein the normal growth of the breast or nipple never takes place. They are congenitally absent. There is no sign whatsoever of the breast tissue, areola or nipple. There is nothing there. Amastia is frequently not the only problem. Unilateral amastia (amastia just on one side) is often associated with […]

  • Galactose

    Galactose: A sugar found in milk. Galactose is a disaccharide that is made up of two sugars, galactose and glucose, that are bound together.

  • Encopresis

    The inability to control the elimination of stool. Encopresis can have a variety of causes, including inability to control the anal sphincter muscle or gastrointestinal problems, particularly chronic diarrhea and Crohn’s disease. Several neurological disorders, including Tourette syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder, are also occasionally associated with the symptom of encopresis, particularly in children. Preventive care […]

  • Haploinsufficiency

    A situation in which the total level of a gene product (a particular protein) produced by the cell is about half of the normal level and that is not sufficient to permit the cell to function normally. Another way to define haploinsufficiency is as a condition that arises when the normal phenotype requires the protein […]

  • Antipsychotic

    Antipsychotic: A medication (or another measure) that is believed to be effective in the treatment of psychosis. For example, aripiprazole (Abilify) is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia.

  • Vasectomy

    A surgical procedure designed to make a man sterile by cutting or blocking both the right and left vas deferens, the tubes through which sperm pass into the ejaculate.

  • Reflex, let down

    An involuntary reflex when a women is breastfeeding which causes the milk to flow freely.

  • Phthisis

    A good trivia or crossword item. An over-consonanted Greek word meaning “a dwindling or wasting away.” Pronounced TIE-sis. Phthisis is an archaic name for tuberculosis. A person afflicted with tuberculosis in the old days was destined to dwindle and waste away like Mimi, the heroine of Puccini’s 1896 opera “La Boheme.” Nephronophthisis is derived from […]

  • Anogenital tract

    Anogenital tract: Angiogenital tract is a term used to refer to both the anus and genital tract. The genital tract encompasses the external and internal sex organs in both men and women. The term anogenital tract is often used in the categorization and/or description of disease processes that can affect both of these anatomic regions. […]