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  • Prostatic acid phosphatase

    (PAP) An enzyme that is normally present only in small amounts in the blood, but that may be found at higher levels in some patients with prostate cancer, especially if the cancer has spread beyond the prostate. However, blood levels may also be elevated in patients who have certain benign prostate conditions or early stage […]

  • Indolent lymphoma

    A lymphoma that tends to grow and spread slowly, in contrast to an aggressive lymphoma which tends to grow and spread quickly. Indolent lymphomas include chronic lymphocytic lymphoma and follicular small cleaved cell lymphoma. Also called low-grade lymphoma.

  • AMS (acute mountain sickness)

    AMS (acute mountain sickness): Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is the effect on the body of being in a high altitude environment. AMS is common at high altitudes, that is above 8,000 feet (2,440 meters). Three-quarters of people have mild symptoms of AMS over 10,000 feet (3,048 meters). The occurrence of AMS depends on the altitude, […]

  • Abraham-man

    Abraham-man: Also abram-man. One of a class of beggars who once wandered over England after the dissolution of the religious houses in the 16th century, pretending lunacy for the sake of obtaining alms. To sham Abraham (or sham Abram) now means to feign sickness, to fake illness.

  • Waterborne bacterial disease

    Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella and Escherichia coli (E. coli). Waterborne bacterial infections account for 2-3 billion episodes of diarrhea resulting in 1-2 million deaths a year. The deaths tend to be of infants and young children from dehydration, malnutrition, and other complications of waterborne bacterial infections. At high risk are the two billion people […]

  • Immunoglobulin D

    A class of immunoglobulins found in small amounts in the body, whose exact function is not clear.

  • Ophthalmic

    Pertaining to the eye. For example, an ophthalmic ointment is designed for the eye.

  • Mycobacterium ulcerans

    The bacterium that causes Buruli ulcer. Mycobacterium ulcerans is a member of the family of bacteria that causes tuberculosis and leprosy.

  • Hypothalamus

    The area of the brain that secretes substances that influence pituitary and other gland function and is involved in the control of body temperature, hunger, thirst, and other processes that regulate body equilibrium.

  • PML

    Stands for progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, a rapidly progressive, often fatal viral infection of the brain. Commonly abbreviated as PML. PML is believed to be due to the Jacob-Creutzfeldt (JC) papovavirus. The virus infects oligodendrocytes (support cells in the brain). The signs and symptoms of PML include headaches, memory loss, changes in mental status, speech and […]