the nonlegal or narrative material, as parables, maxims, or anecdotes, in the Talmud and other rabbinical literature, serving either to illustrate the meaning or purpose of the law, custom, or Biblical passage being discussed or to introduce a different, unrelated topic.
Historical Examples

So Agada implied much miscellaneous material and included everything not strictly judicial.
A Thousand Years of Jewish History Maurice H. (Maurice Henry) Harris

This kind of exposition of Scripture had a name, “Agada” or “HAgadah.”
History of the Jews, Vol. II (of 6) Heinrich Graetz

The Agada is especially rich in pithy maxims, which bear on everyday life, and have a permanent ethical value.
Hebrew Humor and other Essays Joseph Chotzner

The reader is often thrown into amazement by the depth of thought and the loftiness of feeling manifested in the Agada.
Jewish History S. M. Dubnow

Sometimes the Agada occupies itself with the exposition of certain Biblical passages, which take the form of homilies.
Hebrew Humor and other Essays Joseph Chotzner

The first is called Halacha or legal decisions, and the second Agada or moral maxims and legends.
Hebrew Humor and other Essays Joseph Chotzner

Esau is not the consummate villain that he is so frequently depicted as being in later Jewish Agada.
A Manual for Teaching Biblical History Eugene Kohn

So in its way the Agada is quite as precious a legacy from the Fathers as the Halacha.
A Thousand Years of Jewish History Maurice H. (Maurice Henry) Harris

He was also well versed in philosophy, and composed a work to reconcile the Agada with the philosophical ideas of the time.
History of the Jews, Vol. III (of 6) Heinrich Graetz

In another place the Agada quotes a proverb of its own: Never cast a stone into a well out of which thou hast drunk.
Hebrew Humor and other Essays Joseph Chotzner

noun (Judaism) (pl) Aggadoth (-ˈdɔːt; -ˈdəʊt)

a homiletic passage of the Talmud
collectively, the homiletic part of traditional Jewish literature, as contrasted with Halacha, consisting of elaborations on the biblical narratives or tales from the lives of the ancient Rabbis

any traditional homiletic interpretation of scripture


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