any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula C n H 2n+1 , derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons, as the methyl group, CH 3 −, or ethyl group, C 2 H 5 −.
a substance produced by adding one or more groups to a compound. to add one or more groups to (a compound). alkylate (āl’kə-lāt’) To add one or more alkyl groups to a compound.
- Alkylating agents
alkylating agents alkylating agents al·kyl·at·ing agents (āl’kə-lā’tĭng) n. Any of various highly reactive chemical compounds that bond with various nucleophilic groups in nucleic acids and proteins and cause mutagenic, carcinogenic, or cytotoxic effects.
- Alkylating agent
noun any cytotoxic drug containing alkyl groups, such as chlorambucil, that acts by damaging DNA; widely used in chemotherapy
- Alkylating drug
any of various potentially cytotoxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic substances: used therapeutically to destroy cells, especially proliferating cancer cells.