a monosaccharide with an amino or substituted amino group in place of a nonglycosidic hydroxyl group.


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  • Aminotransferase

    . aminotransferase a·mi·no·trans·fer·ase (ə-mē’nō-trāns’fə-rās’, -rāz’, ām’ə-nō-) n. Any of various enzymes that catalyze the transfer of an amino group between an alpha-amino acid and usually a specific carbon on a keto acid. Also called aminopherase, transaminase.

  • Aminoacidemia

    aminoacidemia aminoacidemia a·mi·no·ac·i·de·mi·a (ə-mē’nō-ās’ĭ-dē’mē-ə, ām’ə-nō-) n. An excess of specific amino acids in the blood.

  • Aminoaciduria

    excess in the urine, as in certain kidney diseases. aminoaciduria a·mi·no·ac·i·du·ri·a (ə-mē’nō-ās’ĭ-dur’ē-ə, -dyur’-, ām’ə-nō-) n. A disorder of protein metabolism in which excessive amounts of amino acids are excreted in the urine. Also called acidaminuria.

  • Aminoacyl

    aminoacyl aminoacyl a·mi·no·ac·yl (ə-mē’nō-ās’əl) n. Abbr. AA The radical formed when the carboxyl group of an amino acid loses a hydroxyl group.

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