a chieftain, prince, commander, or head of state in some Islamic countries.
a title of honor of the descendants of Muhammad.
(initial capital letter) the former title of the ruler of Afghanistan.
a title of certain Turkish officials.
Contemporary Examples

“He had a history with all these groups,” one friend, amir Taky, says.
Activist Arrested Over ‘Innocence’ Allegations Mike Giglio September 14, 2012

After another former general led Labor to defeat in 2003, the party selected trade unionist amir Peretz before the 2006 elections.
Generals Out, Journalists In As Center-Left Leaders Geoffrey Levin January 3, 2013

Filmmaker amir Ramses documents a vanishing community in a once-vibrant, multicultural society.
The Last Jews of Egypt Alastair Beach March 27, 2013

As deputy to bin Laden, Zawahiri should take on the title of amir of al Qaeda.
The Al Qaeda-Iran Connection Bruce Riedel May 28, 2011

amir Mizroch called it “a battle of historic significance.”
Who Got What In Israel’s Coalition Brent E. Sasley March 13, 2013

Historical Examples

Even when the ground is covered with snow they stand with bare feet, waiting for hours till the amir appears.
Far Off Favell Lee Mortimer

These chambers are used by the amir as store-houses for grain.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2 Various

Dost thou remember that song at the sheep-roasting in the Pindi camp among the Uzbegs of the amir?
Soldiers Three Rudyard Kipling

This name is apparently a distortion of the Arabic amir Abdullah.
The Decameron of Giovanni Boccaccio Giovanni Boccaccio

amir thereupon stopped his letters, and for a long time he was in imminent danger, as he had only an escort of eight Sikhs.
Through Three Campaigns G. A. Henty

a variant spelling of emir
(formerly) the ruler of Afghanistan; ameer
noun (in the Islamic world)
an independent ruler or chieftain
a military commander or governor
a descendant of Mohammed

1610s; the same word as emir (q.v.), but generally used of contemporary Indian or Afghan rulers as opposed to historical ones.

1590s, from Arabic amir “commander” (see admiral).


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