Anthracene



a colorless, crystalline powder, C 14 H 12 , obtained from coal tar and having a violet fluorescence: used chiefly as a source of and alizarin, and in the process of measuring radioactive materials.
Historical Examples

Another trihydroxy-anthraquinone, although not obtained directly from anthracene, must be claimed as a tar-product.
Coal Raphael Meldola

It is rapidly decomposed by an excess of alcohol into picric acid and anthracene, the solution assuming a yellow tint.
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley

The anthracene remaining upon the paper after pressure is weighed.
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley

The whole of the anthracene is sold for the manufacture of artificial alizarine.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5 Various

anthracene is one of the last products passing over in the dry distillation of coal-tar.
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley

In addition to alizarin, other anthracene derivatives are of industrial importance.
Coal Raphael Meldola

A great number of products are procured from anthracene, by far the most important of these being artificial alizarin.
Cooley’s Cyclopdia of Practical Receipts and Collateral Information in the Arts, Manufactures, Professions, and Trades…, Sixth Edition, Volume I Arnold Cooley

The anthracene derivative is in this process built up synthetically.
Coal Raphael Meldola

It separates in the form of crystals from the anthracene oil on cooling, and is removed by filtration.
Coal Raphael Meldola

The whole mass dissolves on heating, and the anthracene crystallizes out on cooling.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 2 Various

noun
a colourless tricyclic crystalline solid having a slight blue fluorescence, used in the manufacture of chemicals, esp diphenylamine and alizarin, and as crystals in scintillation counters. Formula: C6H4(CH)2C6H4
anthracene
(ān’thrə-sēn’)
A crystalline hydrocarbon that consists of three benzene rings fused together. It is extracted from coal tar and is used to make dyes and organic chemicals. Chemical formula: C14H10.

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