Antimonial



a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; atomic number: 51; atomic weight: 121.75.
Historical Examples

antimonial wine, from half a teaspoonful to a dessertspoonful, is much preferable to tartar emetic and calomel.
The Dog Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson

To one ounce of the liquor, add eight drops of antimonial wine.
Mrs. Hale’s Receipts for the Million Sarah Josepha Hale

antimonial wine would have been much more humane and sufficiently effective.
The Idler Magazine, Volume III, March 1893 Various

The antimonial preparations that are now most in use are antimonial wine and tartar emetic.
Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry Joseph Priestley

At the close of hostilities there had accumulated in the United States large surplus stocks of antimony and antimonial materials.
The Economic Aspect of Geology C. K. Leith

Antimony finds a very large use in war times in the making of shrapnel bullets from antimonial lead.
The Economic Aspect of Geology C. K. Leith

These come mainly into the group of antimonial ores, with chlorides and sulphides also.
The Crest of the Continent Ernest Ingersoll

She had already sent Phebe for hot water; telling Emily to go to the medicine chest, and procure a bottle of antimonial wine.
Cora and The Doctor Harriette Newell Baker

An antimonial cup is included in the inventory of Samuel Seabury, who died 1680, and is valued at five shillings.
Medical Essays Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.

These flowers of Regulus of Antimony are very different from every other antimonial preparation.
Elements of the Theory and Practice of Chymistry, 5th ed. Pierre Joseph Macquer

adjective
of or containing antimony
noun
a drug or agent containing antimony
noun
a toxic metallic element that exists in two allotropic forms and occurs principally in stibnite. The stable form is a brittle silvery-white crystalline metal that is added to alloys to increase their strength and hardness and is used in semiconductors. Symbol: Sb; atomic no: 51; atomic wt: 121.757; valency: 0, –3, +3, or +5; relative density: 6.691; melting pt: 630.76°C; boiling pt: 1587°C
n.

brittle metallic element, early 15c., from Old French antimoine and directly from Medieval Latin antimonium, an alchemist’s term (used 11c. by Constantinus Africanus), origin obscure, probably a Latinization of Greek stimmi “powdered antimony, black antimony” (a cosmetic used to paint the eyelids), from some Arabic word (cf. al ‘othmud), unless the Arabic word is from the Greek or the Latin is from Arabic; probably ultimately from Egyptian stm “powdered antimony.” In French folk etymology, anti-moine “monk’s bane” (from moine).

As the name of a pure element, it is attested in English from 1788. Its chemical symbol Sb is for Stibium, the Latin name for “black antimony,” which word was used also in English for “black antimony.”

antimony an·ti·mo·ny (ān’tə-mō’nē)
n.
Symbol Sb
An element having several allotropes, the most common of which is a brittle, silver-white crystalline metal. It is used in alloys and in flame-proofing compounds. Atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.76; melting point 630.6°C; boiling point 1,587°C; specific gravity 6.691; valence 3, 5.
antimony
(ān’tə-mō’nē)
Symbol Sb
A metalloid element having many forms, the most common of which is a hard, very brittle, shiny, blue-white crystal. It is used in a wide variety of alloys, especially with lead in car batteries, and in the manufacture of flameproofing compounds. Atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.76; melting point 630.5°C (1,167°F); boiling point 1,380°C (2,516°F); specific gravity 6.691; valence 3, 5. See Periodic Table.

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    a binary compound containing antimony and a second element, usually a metal.

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    of or containing , especially in the trivalent state. adjective of or containing antimony in the trivalent state



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    the radioactive isotope of antimony having a mass number of 124 and a half-life of 60 days, used chiefly as a tracer.



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