a combining form meaning “ancient,” used in the formation of compound words:
indicating ancient or primitive time or condition: archaeology, archaeopteryx
of, involving, or denoting the study of remains from archaeological sites: archaeozoology
before vowels archae-, word-forming element meaning “ancient, olden, primitive, primeval, from the beginning,” from Latinized form of Greek arkhaio-, comb. form of arkhaios “ancient,” from arkhe “beginning” (see archon).
the branch of archaeology that deals with the apparent use by prehistoric civilizations of astronomical techniques to establish the seasons or the cycle of the year, especially as evidenced in the construction of megaliths and other ritual structures. noun the scientific study of the beliefs and practices concerning astronomy that existed in ancient and prehistoric […]
noun the analysis and interpretation of plant remains found at archaeological sites
one of the marine invertebrates of the extinct phylum Archaeocyatha, widely distributed during the Cambrian Period, having a limy, typically conical or cylindrical skeleton composed of sievelike inner and outer walls.
. (in sponges) a type of amoebocyte capable of developing into other types of cells, especially reproductive cells.