a mechanical device that operates outside the body and substitutes for the kidney by removing waste products from the blood.
Also called hemodialyzer.
Compare (def 3).
(med) a mechanical apparatus for performing haemodialysis
artificial kidney n.
- Artificial language
an invented language, as opposed to a hereditary one, intended for a special use, as in international communication, a secret society, or computer programming. (def 11). Historical Examples As regards the structure of the artificial language itself, history shows clearly that it must be a posteriori, not a priori. International Language Walter J. Clark There […]
- Artificial life
the simulation of any aspect of life, as through computers, robotics, or biochemistry. Historical Examples Despite the artificial life I have led, everything that speaks of nature has a voice that I can rarely resist. Godolphin, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton Nerves—owing to indigestion, late hours, and an artificial life. The Seven Secrets William Le Queux Be […]
- Artificial lung
noun any device used to aid breathing, oxygenate blood and remove carbon dioxide, often as an implant in a human Examples An artificial lung is the size of a soda can and may help buy time for people who need lung transplants. Word Origin 1844
- Artificial neural network
artificial neural network artificial intelligence (ANN, commonly just “neural network” or “neural net”) A network of many very simple processors (“units” or “neurons”), each possibly having a (small amount of) local memory. The units are connected by unidirectional communication channels (“connections”), which carry numeric (as opposed to symbolic) data. The units operate only on their […]