Athens



Greek Athenai. a city in and the capital of Greece, in the SE part.
Greater, a metropolitan area comprising the city of Athens, Piraeus, and several residential suburbs.
a city in N Georgia.
a city in S Ohio.
a town in N Alabama.
a town in S Tennessee.
a town in E Texas.
any city that is compared to Athens, especially as a cultural center:
the Athens of the Midwest.
Ancient Greek Hellas. Modern Greek Ellas. a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km).
Capital: Athens.
a city in W New York.
Contemporary Examples

Among these challengers is Olga Palagia, professor of archaeology at the University of Athens.
Amphipolis Tomb Yields Amazing Finds But Mysteries Linger James Romm October 16, 2014

“I am dying for the love of three Greek girls at Athens, sisters,” he wrote his friend Henry Drury in 1810.
Poet and Rake, Lord Byron Was Also an Interventionist With Brains and Savvy Michael Weiss February 15, 2014

Athens is a changed place: cleaner, brighter, easier to get around, vibrant and modern.
Do the Olympics Boost the Economy? Studies Show the Impact Is Likely Negative Mark Perryman July 29, 2012

With Athens recently alarmed by a half-dozen cases of West Nile virus, the attempt at humor went mostly unappreciated.
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Being Politically Correct Michael Medved July 30, 2012

Since the end of 2010, HIV/AIDS infections in Athens alone have increased by 1500 percent.
U.N. Apologizes For Greek HIV/AIDS Report Barbie Latza Nadeau November 26, 2013

Historical Examples

This manner of teaching was common in Athens, and he never lacked hearers.
History of Education Levi Seeley

I have a good mind to take her with me to Athens next winter myself.
Tutors’ Lane Wilmarth Lewis

It is useless to tell you that I had my pipe, and that the tobacco in Athens is better than yours.
The King of the Mountains Edmond About

The Northern Union, represented by Athens, was a naval power.
The Creed of the Old South 1865-1915 Basil L. Gildersleeve

He should have lived in Athens, in the palmy days of Grecian oratory.
Ten Years Among the Mail Bags James Holbrook

noun
the capital of Greece, in the southeast near the Saronic Gulf: became capital after independence in 1834; ancient city-state, most powerful in the 5th century bc; contains the hill citadel of the Acropolis. Pop: 3 238 000 (2005 est) Greek name Athinai (aˈθinɛ), Athina (aˈθina)
noun
a republic in SE Europe, occupying the S part of the Balkan Peninsula and many islands in the Ionian and Aegean Seas; site of two of Europe’s earliest civilizations (the Minoan and Mycenaean); in the classical era divided into many small independent city-states, the most important being Athens and Sparta; part of the Roman and Byzantine Empires; passed under Turkish rule in the late Middle Ages; became an independent kingdom in 1827; taken over by a military junta (1967–74); the monarchy was abolished in 1973; became a republic in 1975; a member of the European Union. Official language: Greek. Official religion: Eastern (Greek) Orthodox. Currency: euro. Capital: Athens. Pop: 10 772 967 (2013 est). Area: 131 944 sq km (50 944 sq miles) Modern Greek name Ellás, related adjective Hellenic

city of ancient Attica, capital of modern Greece, from Greek Athenai (plural because the city had several distinct parts), traditionally derived from Athena, but probably assimilated from a lost name in a pre-Hellenic language.

c.1300, from Latin Graecia; named for its inhabitants; see Greek. Earlier in English was Greklond (c.1200). The Turkish name for the country, via Persian, is Yunanistan, literally “Land of the Ionians.” Ionia also yielded the name for the country in Arabic and Hindi (Yunan).

A leading city of ancient Greece, famous for its learning, culture, and democratic institutions. The political power of Athens was sometimes quite limited, however, especially after its defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. Pericles was a noted ruler of Athens. (See also under “World Geography.”)

Capital of Greece in east-central Greece on the plain of Attica, overlooking an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. Named after its patron goddess, Athena, Athens is Greece’s largest city and its cultural, administrative, and economic center.

Note: In the fifth century b.c., Athens was one of the world’s most powerful and highly civilized cities (see also under “World History to 1550”).

Note: As the cultural center of Greece, ancient Athens was home to influential writers and thinkers such as Aristophanes, Euripides, Socrates, and Plato.

Note: Its principal landmark is the Acropolis, on which stands the remains of the Parthenon and other buildings.

Republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Athens.

Note: Greece is a member of NATO.

Note: Ancient Greek culture, particularly as developed in Athens, was the principal source of Western civilization.

Note: Tension and fighting between Greece and Turkey has continued for hundreds of years.

Note: It is known for its production of grapes, olives, and olive oil.

the capital of Attica, the most celebrated city of the ancient world, the seat of Greek literature and art during the golden period of Grecian history. Its inhabitants were fond of novelty (Acts 17:21), and were remarkable for their zeal in the worship of the gods. It was a sarcastic saying of the Roman satirist that it was “easier to find a god at Athens than a man.” On his second missionary journey Paul visited this city (Acts 17:15; comp. 1 Thess. 3:1), and delivered in the Areopagus his famous speech (17:22-31). The altar of which Paul there speaks as dedicated “to the [properly “an”] unknown God” (23) was probably one of several which bore the same inscription. It is supposed that they originated in the practice of letting loose a flock of sheep and goats in the streets of Athens on the occasion of a plague, and of offering them up in sacrifice, at the spot where they lay down, “to the god concerned.”

orginally consisted of the four provinces of Macedonia, Epirus, Achaia, and Peleponnesus. In Acts 20:2 it designates only the Roman province of Macedonia. Greece was conquered by the Romans B.C. 146. After passing through various changes it was erected into an independent monarchy in 1831. Moses makes mention of Greece under the name of Javan (Gen. 10:2-5); and this name does not again occur in the Old Testament till the time of Joel (3:6). Then the Greeks and Hebrews first came into contact in the Tyrian slave-market. Prophetic notice is taken of Greece in Dan. 8:21. The cities of Greece were the special scenes of the labours of the apostle Paul.

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