any of various natural substances, as asphalt, maltha, or gilsonite, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons.
(formerly) an asphalt of Asia Minor used as cement and mortar.
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The Life of Thomas, Lord Cochrane, Tenth Earl of Dundonald, Vol. II Thomas Lord Cochrane
The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 3, September 1864 Various
The History of Cuba, vol. 1 Willis Fletcher Johnson
Life at Puget Sound: With Sketches of Travel in Washington Territory, British Columbia, Oregon and California Caroline C. Leighton
The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 1. (of 7): Chaldaea George Rawlinson
Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal, No. 455 Various
Elizabeth Hobart at Exeter Hall Jean K. Baird
Against Apion Flavius Josephus
any of various viscous or solid impure mixtures of hydrocarbons that occur naturally in asphalt, tar, mineral waxes, etc: used as a road surfacing and roofing material
the constituents of coal that can be extracted by an organic solvent
any liquid suitable for coating aggregates
(Austral & NZ, informal) any road with a bitumen surface
(capital) (Austral, informal) the road in the Northern Territory between Darwin and Alice Springs
a transparent brown pigment or glaze made from asphalt
Any of various flammable mixtures of hydrocarbons and other substances found in asphalt and tar. Bitumens occur naturally or are produced from petroleum and coal.
to convert into or treat with bitumen. verb (transitive) to treat with or convert into bitumen
resembling or containing bitumen: bituminous shale. Historical Examples Early Western Travels 1748-1846, Volume XIV Edwin James The Economic Aspect of Geology C. K. Leith An Elementary Study of Chemistry William McPherson Zanoni Edward Bulwer Lytton Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 1 Various American Rural Highways T. R. Agg A New Guide for Emigrants […]
a mineral coal that contains volatile hydrocarbons and tarry matter and burns with a yellow, smoky flame; soft coal. noun a soft black coal, rich in volatile hydrocarbons, that burns with a smoky yellow flame. Fixed carbon content: 46–86 per cent; calorific value: 1.93 × 107 – 3.63 × 107 J/kg Also called soft coal […]