a pharmaceutical formulation of botulin used in minute doses to treat various forms of muscle spasm and for the cosmetic removal of wrinkles See Botox
botulinum toxin
Any of several enzymes produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that are extremely potent neurotoxins. Botulinum toxin interferes with the ability of neurons to release acetylcholine at nerve-muscle junctures, thereby inducing the paralysis of botulism. Botulinum toxin is resistant to enzymatic digestion in the body and is used as an antispasmodic and a treatment for wrinkles by paralyzing facial muscles. Also called botulin.


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    a sometimes fatal disease of the nervous system acquired from spoiled foods in which botulin is present, especially improperly canned or marinated foods. Contemporary Examples The Deadliest Botox Has Arrived Kent Sepkowitz October 17, 2013 The Deadliest Botox Has Arrived Kent Sepkowitz October 17, 2013 Historical Examples Every Step in Canning Grace Viall Gray Food […]

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  • Botvinnik

    Mikhail (Moiseevich) [mi-kah-eel moi-sey-yuh-vich;; Russian myi-khuh-yeel mahy-sye-yi-vyich] /mɪ kɑˈil mɔɪˈseɪ yə vɪtʃ;; Russian myɪ xʌˈyil maɪˈsyɛ yɪ vyɪtʃ/ (Show IPA), 1911–1998, Russian chess master. noun Mikhail Moiseivich (mixaˈil məiˈsjejɪvitʃ). 1911–95, Soviet chess player; world champion (1948–57, 1958–60, 1961–63)

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