Broad-gauge



See under gauge (def 13).
Railroads. of or relating to equipment designed for a railroad having track of a broad gauge:
broad-gauge rolling stock.
of wide scope, application, or experience:
broad-gauge efforts to improve the health of our citizens.
to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
to appraise, estimate, or judge.
to make conformable to a standard.
to mark or measure off; delineate.
to prepare or mix (plaster) with a definite proportion of plaster of Paris and mortar.
to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
a standard of measure or measurement.
a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something, especially for measuring a dimension, quantity, or mechanical accuracy:
pressure gauge; marking gauge.
a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
extent; scope; capacity:
trying to determine the gauge of his own strength.
Ordnance. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, determined by the number of spherical lead bullets of a diameter equal to that of the bore that are required to make one pound:
a twelve-gauge shotgun.
Railroads. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track, usually 4 feet 8.5 inches (1.4 meters) (standard gauge) but sometimes more (broad gauge) and sometimes less (narrow gauge)
the distance between a pair of wheels on an axle.
the thickness or diameter of various, usually thin, objects, as the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of a wire or screw.
the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 inches (3.8 cm):
15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
Nautical. the position of one vessel as being to the windward (weather gauge) or to the leeward (lee gauge) of another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
Building Trades. the portion of the length of a slate, tile, etc., left exposed when laid in place.
the amount of plaster of Paris mixed with mortar or common plaster to hasten the set.
Historical Examples

The Nerve of Foley Frank H. Spearman
Mr. Dide, His Vacation in Colorado Lewis B. France
The life of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Civil Engineer Isambard Brunel
Life in a Railway Factory Alfred Williams
Argentina W. A. Hirst
The Forest of Dean H. G. Nicholls
The Khedive’s Country George Manville Fenn
Life in a Railway Factory Alfred Williams
Cornelius O’Dowd Upon Men And Women And Other Things In General Charles Lever
Eastern Nights – and Flights Alan Bott

noun
a railway track with a greater distance between the lines than the standard gauge of 561/2 inches (about 1.44 metres) used now by most mainline railway systems
adjective
of, relating to, or denoting a railway having this track
verb (transitive)
to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
to estimate or appraise; judge
to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
noun
a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge
any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
scope, capacity, or extent
the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 81/2 in. (1.435 m)
the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
(nautical) the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
adjective
(of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge See also absolute (sense 10)
v.
n.

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