Caldera



a large, basinlike depression resulting from the explosion or collapse of the center of a volcano.
Contemporary Examples

Big-Sky West Texas: A Road Trip Through Hidden America Condé Nast Traveler March 17, 2014
Book a Room for Two in a Santorini Cave Joanna Eede June 9, 2014

Historical Examples

The Wonder Book of Volcanoes and Earthquakes Edwin J. Houston
Luna Benamor Vicente Blasco Ibez
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2 Various
A Lady’s Captivity among Chinese Pirates in the Chinese Seas Fanny Loviot
A Manual of Elementary Geology Charles Lyell.
The Wonder Book of Volcanoes and Earthquakes Edwin J. Houston
A Lady’s Captivity among Chinese Pirates in the Chinese Seas Fanny Loviot
The Wonder Book of Volcanoes and Earthquakes Edwin J. Houston

noun
a large basin-shaped crater at the top of a volcano, formed by the collapse or explosion of the cone See cirque
n.
caldera
(kāl-dâr’ə, -dîr’ə, käl-)
A large, roughly circular crater left after a volcanic explosion or the collapse of a volcanic cone. Calderas are typically much wider in diameter than the openings of the vents from which they were formed.

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