a hereditary digestive disorder involving intolerance to gluten, usually occurring in young children, characterized by marked abdominal distention, malnutrition, wasting, and the passage of large, fatty, malodorous stools.
celiac disease n.
A malabsorption disease characterized by sensitivity to gluten and atrophy of the mucosa of the upper small intestine, manifested by diarrhea, steatorrhea, and nutritional and vitamin deficiencies. Also called gluten enteropathy, nontropical sprue.
A gastrointestinal disease characterized by an inability to absorb the protein gluten, resulting in diarrhea, the passage of stools having a high fat content, and nutritional and vitamin deficiencies. Individuals with celiac disease must avoid ingesting products made from grains containing gluten, including wheat, rye, barley, and oats.
- Celiac ganglion
celiac ganglion n. Any of the largest and highest group of sympathetic prevertebral ganglia, on the upper part of the abdominal aorta on either side of the celiac artery, containing the sympathetic neurons whose unmyelinated postganglionic axons innervate the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, kidney, small intestine, and the ascending and transverse colon. Also called semilunar […]
- Celiac gland
celiac gland n. Any of the various nodes situated along the celiac trunk that receive lymphatic drainage from the stomach, duodenum, pancreas, spleen, and biliary tract.
- Celiac plexus reflex
celiac plexus reflex n. A fall in arterial blood pressure coincident with surgical manipulations in the upper abdomen during general anesthesia.
solar plexus (def 1). celiac plexus n. The largest of the autonomic plexuses, lying in front of the aorta at the level of the origin of the celiac artery and behind the stomach, formed by the splanchnic and the vagus nerves and by cords from the celiac and superior mesenteric ganglia, and branching to all […]