any of various plants belonging to the genus Centaurium, of the gentian family, having clusters of small pink or red flowers.
any of several other plants of the genera Centaurea and Sabatia.
noun (pl) -ries
any Eurasian plant of the genus Centaurium, esp C. erythraea, having purplish-pink flowers and formerly believed to have medicinal properties: family Gentianaceae
any plant of the genus Centaurea, which includes the cornflower and knapweed: family Compositae (composites)
small plant with red flowers (now usually erythraea Centaureum), late 14c., from Medieval Latin centaurea, from Latin centaureum, from Greek kentaureion, from kentauros “centaur” (see centaur), so called according to Pliny because the plant’s medicinal properties were discovered by Chiron the centaur.
German Tausendgüldenkraut is based on a mistranslation of the Latin word, as if from centum + aurum (the similarity might be the result of Roman folk etymology).
the 100th part of the monetary units of various nations, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, and the Philippines. Contemporary Examples Historical Examples noun (pl) -vos a monetary unit of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the […]
pertaining to or having lived 100 years. a person who has reached the age of 100. Contemporary Examples Historical Examples noun a person who is at least 100 years old adjective being at least 100 years old of or relating to a centenarian n. 1805, “person 100 years old,” from centenary + -ian. As an […]
of or relating to a period of 100 years. recurring once in every 100 years: a centenary celebration. a centennial. a period of 100 years; century. Contemporary Examples Historical Examples adjective of or relating to a period of 100 years occurring once every 100 years noun (pl) -naries a 100th anniversary or its celebration adj. […]
a silver coin of ancient Rome, first issued by Diocletian as the 100th part of a solidus, later greatly debased.