to crack, roughen, and redden (the skin):
The windy, cold weather chapped her lips.
to cause (the ground, wood, etc.) to split, crack, or open in clefts:
The summer heat and drought chapped the riverbank.
to become chapped.
a fissure or crack, especially in the skin.
Scot. a knock; rap.
verb chaps, chapping, chapped
(of the skin) to make or become raw and cracked, esp by exposure to cold
(Scot) (of a clock) to strike (the hour)
(Scot) to knock (at a door, window, etc)
(usually pl) a cracked or sore patch on the skin caused by chapping
(Scot) a knock
(informal) a man or boy; fellow
a less common word for chop3
1570s, “customer,” short for obsolete chapman “purchaser, trader” (see cheap). Colloquial sense of “lad, fellow” is first attested 1716 (cf. slang tough customer).
“to crack,” mid-15c., chappen (intransitive) “to split, burst open;” “cause to crack” (transitive); perhaps a variant of choppen (see chop (v.), and cf. strap/strop), or related to Middle Dutch kappen “to chop, cut,” Danish kappe, Swedish kappa “to cut.” Related: Chapped; chapping. The noun meaning “fissure in the skin” is from late 14c.
Having or relating to skin that is dry, scaly, and fissured, owing to excessive evaporation of moisture from the skin surface.
Angry; pissed off (1960s+)
A man; fellow; guy, joe •Predominantly British use: Which of you chaps is ready?/ This may amuse the chappies
[1700s+; fr a shortening of chapman, ”peddler; peddler’s customer,” hence analogous with customer in the same sense]
Community Health Accreditation Program
noun Greg(ory Stephen). born 1948, Australian cricketer: played in 87 test matches (1970–84); first Australian to score over 7000 test runs
chap2 (def 1). noun (informal) another word for chap1 (sense 2) noun a man; chap, bloke Usage Note UK, slang
noun (mainly US & Canadian) a cylinder of a substance for preventing or soothing chapped lips
to subject (wine) to chaptalization. verb (transitive) to add sugar to (a fermenting wine) to increase the alcohol content