Cheyenne



[shahy-en, -an] /ʃaɪˈɛn, -ˈæn/

noun, plural Cheyennes (especially collectively) Cheyenne for 1.
1.
a member of a North American Indian people of the western plains, formerly in central Minnesota and North and South Dakota, and now divided between Montana and Oklahoma.
2.
an Algonquian language, the language of the Cheyenne Indians.
3.
a city in and the capital of Wyoming, in the S part.
[wahy-oh-ming] /waɪˈoʊ mɪŋ/
noun
1.
a state in the NW United States. 97,914 sq. mi. (253,595 sq. km).
Capital: Cheyenne.
Abbreviation: WY (for use with zip code), Wyo., Wy.
2.
a city in W Michigan, near Grand Rapids.
/ʃaɪˈæn/
noun
1.
(pl) -enne, -ennes. a member of a Native American people of the western Plains, now living chiefly in Montana and Oklahoma
2.
the language of this people, belonging to the Algonquian family
/ʃaɪˈæn; -ˈɛn/
noun
1.
a city in SE Wyoming, capital of the state. Pop: 54 374 (2003 est)
/waɪˈəʊmɪŋ/
noun
1.
a state of the western US: consists largely of ranges of the Rockies in the west and north, with part of the Great Plains in the east and several regions of hot springs. Capital: Cheyenne. Pop: 501 242 (2003 est). Area: 253 597 sq km (97 914 sq miles) Abbreviation Wyo, Wy, (with zip code) WY

1778, from French Canadian, from Dakota Sahi’yena, a diminutive of Sahi’ya, a Dakotan name for the Cree people.

region in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, from Munsee Delaware (Algonquian) chwewamink “at the big river flat,” from /xw-/ “big” + /-e:wam-/ “river flat” + /-enk/ “place.” Popularized by 1809 poem “Gertrude of Wyoming,” set amid wars between Indians and American settlers, by Scottish author Thomas Campbell (1777-1844), who seems to have had a vague or defective notion of Pennsylvania geography. Subsequently applied 19c. to other locations, including a western territory organized July 25, 1868 (admitted as a state 1890); also used in Kansas, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

On Susquehanna’s side, fair Wyoming!
Although the wild-flower on thy ruin’d wall,
And roofless homes, a sad remembrance bring,
Of what thy gentle people did befall;
Yet thou wert once the loveliest land of all
That see the Atlantic wave their morn restore.
Sweet land! may I thy lost delights recall,
And paint thy Gertrude in her bowers of yore,
Whose beauty was the love of Pennsylvania’s shore!
[Campbell, “Gertrude of Wyoming,” 1809]

On the same day there was debate in the Senate over the name for the new Territory. Territories often keep their names when they become States, so we may be glad that “Cheyenne,” to be pronounced “Shy-en,” was not adopted. “Lincoln” was rejected for an obvious and, no doubt, sound reason. Apparently, nobody had a better name to offer, though there must be plenty of Indian words that could properly be used, and, for the present, the insignificant “Wyoming” is retained. [“The Nation,” June 11, 1868]

State in the western United States bordered by Montana to the north, South Dakota and Nebraska to the east, Colorado and Utah to the south, and Idaho to the west. Its capital is Cheyenne, and its largest city is Casper.

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  • Cheyenne-river

    noun 1. a river flowing NE from E Wyoming to the Missouri River in South Dakota. About 500 miles (800 km) long.

  • Cheyne

    [chey-nee, cheyn] /ˈtʃeɪ ni, tʃeɪn/ noun 1. Thomas Kelly [kel-ee] /ˈkɛl i/ (Show IPA), 1841–1915, English clergyman and Biblical scholar. Cheyne (chān, chā’nē), John. 1777-1836. Scottish physician who described (1818) the breathing irregularity now known as Cheyne-Stokes respiration.



  • Cheyne-stokes breathing

    /ˈtʃeɪnˈstəʊks/ noun 1. (pathol) alternating shallow and deep breathing, as in comatose patients

  • Cheyne-stokes respiration

    Cheyne-Stokes respiration n. An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase in depth and sometimes in rate to a maximum depth, followed by a decrease resulting in apnea, usually seen in comatose individuals having diseased nervous centers of respiration.



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