a soil tillage device pulled by a tractor or animal, used to break up and stir soil a foot or more beneath the surface without turning it.
noun 1. a nail or spike with the point formed by two flat inclined sides meeting at a sharp angle.
[koo r-il, koo-reel] /ˈkʊər ɪl, kʊˈril/ plural noun 1. a chain of small islands off the NE coast of Asia, extending from N Japan to the S tip of Kamchatka: renounced by Japan in 1945; under Russian administration. /ˌtʃiːʃiːˈma/ noun 1. the Japanese name for the Kuril Islands
noun 1. a cattle trail leading N from San Antonio, Tex., to Abilene, Kan.: used for about twenty years after the Civil War. 1866, from Jesse Chisholm (c.1806-1868), halfbreed Cherokee trader and government agent who first plied it. The surname is from a barony in England, probably from Old English cisel “gravel.”
[chish-tee-yuh] /ˈtʃɪʃ ti yə/ noun 1. a Sufi order of the Indian subcontinent.