[kol-er-uh] /ˈkɒl ər ə/

Also called Asiatic cholera. Pathology. an acute, infectious disease, endemic in India and China and occasionally epidemic elsewhere, characterized by profuse diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, etc.
Veterinary Pathology. any of several diseases of domesticated animals that are characterized by depression, sleepiness, lack of appetite, and diarrhea.
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an acute intestinal infection characterized by severe diarrhoea, cramp, etc: caused by ingestion of water or food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio comma Also called Asiatic cholera, epidemic cholera, Indian cholera

“pertaining to cholera,” 1832, from cholera + -ic.

late 14c., “bile, melancholy” (originally the same as choler), from Middle French cholera or directly from Late Latin cholera, from Greek kholera “a type of disease characterized by diarrhea, supposedly caused by choler” (Celsus), from khole “gall, bile,” from khloazein “to be green,” from khloros (see Chloe). But another sense of khole was “drainpipe, gutter.”

Revived 1560s in classical sense as a name for a severe digestive disorder (rarely fatal to adults); and 1704 (especially as cholera morbus), for a highly lethal disease endemic in India, periodically breaking out in global epidemics, especially that reaching Britain and America in the early 1830s.

cholera chol·er·a (kŏl’ər-ə)

chol’e·ra’ic (-ə-rā’ĭk) adj.
An infectious, sometimes fatal disease of the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is spread from contaminated water and food and causes severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration.
cholera [(kol-uh-ruh)]

An acute disease, and an infectious disease, caused by a kind of bacterium that affects the intestines. Transmitted by food or water that has been contaminated with raw sewage, cholera is often fatal and is characterized by severe vomiting, diarrhea, and collapse.


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  • Cholera-infantum

    [in-fan-tuh m] /ɪnˈfæn təm/ noun, Pathology. 1. an often fatal form of gastroenteritis occurring in infants, not of the same cause as cholera but having somewhat similar characteristics.

  • Cholera morbus

    cholera morbus cholera mor·bus (môr’bəs) n. Acute gastroenteritis occurring seasonally and marked by cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting. No longer in scientific use.

  • Choleresis

    choleresis cho·le·re·sis (kō’lə-rē’sĭs) n. The secretion of bile by the liver into the gallbladder.

  • Choleretic

    choleretic cho·le·ret·ic (kō’lə-rět’ĭk) adj. Relating to choleresis. n. An agent, usually a drug, that stimulates the liver to increase output of bile.

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