a linguistic form that occurs only in combination with other forms. In word formation, a combining form may conjoin with an independent word (mini- + skirt), another combining form (photo- + -graphy), or an affix (cephal- + -ic); it is thus distinct from an affix, which can be added to either a free word or a combining form but not solely to another affix (Iceland + -ic or cephal- + -ic but not pro- + -ic). There are three types of combining forms: (1) forms borrowed from Greek or Latin that are derivatives of independent nouns, adjectives, or verbs in those languages; these combining forms, used in the formation of learned coinages, often semantically parallel independent words in English (cf., for example, cardio- in relation to heart, -phile in relation to lover) and usually appear only in combination with other combining forms of Greek or Latin origin (bibliophile, not bookphile); (2) the compounding form of a free-standing English word; such a combining form usually has only a single, restricted sense of the free word, and may differ from the word phonetically. Compare , , , , ; (3) a form extracted from an existing free word and used as a bound form, typically maintaining the meaning of the free word, or some facet of it. Compare 2 , , 3 , , , . Note that the term “combining form” does not specify placement before or after the element to which the form is attached.
a linguistic element that occurs only as part of a compound word, such as anthropo- in anthropology
noun, Chemistry. 1. the atomic weight of an atom or radical divided by its valence.
[kohm] /koʊm/ noun 1. any marine invertebrate of the phylum Ctenophora, comprising various nearly transparent creatures having rounded, oval, or band-shaped bodies propelled by eight iridescent appendages composed of cilia arranged like teeth on a comb. noun 1. another name for a ctenophore comb jelly (kōm) See ctenophore.
[kom-boh] /ˈkɒm boʊ/ noun, plural combos. 1. Informal. 2. Australian Slang. a white man living with Aborigines or having an Aborigine wife, usually in a common-law marriage. /ˈkɒmbəʊ/ noun (pl) -bos 1. a small group of musicians, esp of jazz musicians 2. (informal) any combination n. 1929, U.S. slang, originally in entertainment (jazz groups, dance […]
noun, Informal. 1. a combined drugstore and supermarket.