[kom-it] /ˈkɒm ɪt/
a celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a highly eccentric orbit, consisting of a central mass surrounded by an envelope of dust and gas that may form a tail that streams away from the sun.
a celestial body that travels around the sun, usually in a highly elliptical orbit: thought to consist of a solid frozen nucleus part of which vaporizes on approaching the sun to form a gaseous luminous coma and a long luminous tail
c.1200, from Old French comete (12c., Modern French comète), from Latin cometa, from Greek (aster) kometes, literally “long-haired (star),” from kome “hair of the head” (cf. koman “let the hair grow long”), of unknown origin. So called from resemblance of a comet’s tail to streaming hair.
A celestial object that orbits the Sun along an elongated path. A comet that is not near the Sun consists only of a nucleus—a solid core of frozen water, frozen gases, and dust. When a comet comes close to the Sun, its nucleus heats up and releases a gaseous coma that surrounds the nucleus. A comet forms a tail when solar heat or wind forces dust or gas off its coma, with the tail always streaming away from the Sun. ◇ Short-period comets have orbital periods of less than 200 years and come from the region known as the Kuiper belt. Long-period comets have periods greater than 200 years and come from the Oort cloud. See more at Kuiper belt, Oort cloud. See Note at solar system.
An object that enters the inner solar system, typically in a very elongated orbit around the sun. Material is boiled off from the comet by the heat of the sun, so that a characteristic tail is formed. The path of a comet can be in the form of an ellipse or a hyperbola. If it follows a hyperbolic path, it enters the solar system once and then leaves forever. If its path is an ellipse, it stays in orbit around the sun.
Note: Comets were once believed to be omens, and their appearances in the sky were greatly feared or welcomed.
Note: The most famous comet, Comet Halley (or Halley’s comet), passes close to the Earth roughly every seventy-six years, most recently in 1986.
Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training (National Center for Atmospheric Research)
[kuhm-ith] /ˈkʌm ɪθ/ verb, Archaic. 1. 3rd person singular present indicative of . v. obsolete or poetic 2nd and 3rd person singular of come, from Old English cymeð.
- Come to a halt
Also, come to a standstill . Stop, either permanently or temporarily. For example, The sergeant ordered the men to come to a halt , or With the strike, construction came to a standstill . Both terms employ come to in the sense of “arrive at” or “reach,” a usage dating from the 10th century. Also […]
- Come to an end
1. Conclude, terminate, as in the familiar proverb, All things come to an end, stated by Geoffrey Chaucer in Troilus and Cressida (c. 1374). 2. come to a bad end; come to no good. Have a bad outcome or die in an unpleasant way. For example, I always suspected this venture would come to no […]
- Come to mind
Be recollected, occur to one, as in A new idea just came to mind . This phrase replaced the earlier come in mind , which dates from the late 1300s. Also see