a response that becomes associated with a previously unrelated stimulus as a result of pairing the stimulus with another stimulus normally yielding the response.
(psychol) a response that is transferred from the second to the first of a pair of stimuli. A well-known Pavlovian example is salivation by a dog when it hears a bell ring, because food has always been presented when the bell has been rung previously Also called (esp formerly) conditioned reflex See also classical conditioning, unconditioned response
conditioned response n.
A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning. Also called conditioned reflex.
In psychology, the response made by a person or animal after learning to associate an experience with a neutral or arbitrary stimulus. Conditioned response experiments by Ivan Pavlov (see Pavlov’s dogs) paired a neutral stimulus (sounding a bell) with a natural response (salivating) by associating the bell with the presentation of food. Conditioned response experiments by B. F. Skinner and other behaviorists (see behaviorism) associated an arbitrary action (an animal’s pressing a lever) with a positive reward (presentation of food) or a negative reward (an electric shock).
Note: Response conditioning is used in behavior modification. Stop-smoking clinics, for example, may use an electric shock whenever a patient lights up. The patient will then associate smoking with the unpleasant experience of the shock.
- Conditioned stimulus
noun 1. (psychol) a stimulus to which an organism has learned to make a response by classical conditioning Compare unconditioned stimulus conditioned stimulus n. A previously neutral stimulus that, after repeated association with an unconditioned stimulus, elicits the response produced by the unconditioned stimulus itself.
- Conditioned suppression
noun 1. (psychol) the reduction in the frequency of a learned response, e.g. pressing a bar for water, that occurs when a stimulus previously associated with pain is present
[kuh n-dish-uh-ner] /kənˈdɪʃ ə nər/ noun 1. a person or thing that . 2. something added to a substance to increase its usability, as a water softener. 3. a cream or liquid preparation applied to the hair or skin, especially for its emollient qualities. 4. a trainer of athletes. 5. an . 6. Textiles. a […]
[kuh n-dish-uh-ning] /kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ/ noun, Psychology. 1. Also called operant conditioning, instrumental conditioning. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed until the subject associates the action with pleasure or distress. 2. Also called classical conditioning, Pavlovian conditioning, respondent conditioning. a process in which a […]