[kuh n-jen-i-tl] /kənˈdʒɛn ɪ tl/
of or relating to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment.
having by nature a specified character:
a congenital fool.
denoting or relating to any nonhereditary condition, esp an abnormal condition, existing at birth: congenital blindness
(informal) complete, as if from birth: a congenital idiot
“existing from birth,” 1796, from Latin congenitus, from com- “together, with” (see com-) + genitus, past participle of gignere “to beget” (see genus). The sense formerly belonged to congenial. Related: Congenitally.
congenital con·gen·i·tal (kən-jěn’ĭ-tl)
Existing at or before birth, as a defect or medical condition.
A descriptive term for a disease or condition that is present at birth. A congenital disease can be either hereditary or acquired.
- Congenital afibrinogenemia
congenital afibrinogenemia n. A hereditary disorder of blood coagulation in which little or no fibrinogen is present in the plasma.
- Congenital alopecia
congenital alopecia n. A congenital condition in which all hair is absent.
- Congenital amputation
congenital amputation n. Loss of a fetal limb, usually the result of an intrinsic deficiency of embryonic tissue. Also called birth amputation, intrauterine amputation.
- Congenital anemia
congenital anemia n. See erythroblastosis fetalis.